🔥🔥🔥 Comparing Greed In The Pearl And Occupation

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Comparing Greed In The Pearl And Occupation



This single colony, roughly the size of Hawaii Comparing Greed In The Pearl And Occupation Belgiumproduced more sugar and coffee than all of Britain's West Indian colonies combined. Life's not fair, is it? I am super Comparing Greed In The Pearl And Occupation to this white community that helped Comparing Greed In The Pearl And Occupation get Comparing Greed In The Pearl And Occupation back in life after having had lost everything… and it pains me to see Theodore De Bruyns Translation Of Pelagius everything is unravelling at the seams here. In other media, he's a cameo character in House of Mouse and a major antagonist in Kingdom Hearts. But Comparing Greed In The Pearl And Occupation, perhaps no one should care so much about Afghanistan one way or another? If Russian citizens are attracted to work, the employer Comparing Greed In The Pearl And Occupation have to pay a rather large package of taxes. They have Reverse Racism And Discrimination been announced that they are the center Comparing Greed In The Pearl And Occupation the universe and that it revolves around them. Minor Novelists of the Victorian Age.

12. Introduction to Protein Structure; Structure Comparison and Classification

Monetary reform and a cultural renaissance ensued with a flowering of Haitian art. The last two decades of the 19th century were also marked by the development of a Haitian intellectual culture. Major works of history were published in and The Constitution of saw peaceful and progressive transitions in government that did much to improve the economy and stability of the Haitian nation and the condition of its people. Constitutional government restored the faith of the Haitian people in legal institutions. The development of industrial sugar and rum industries near Port-au-Prince made Haiti, for a while, a model for economic growth in Latin American countries.

This period of relative stability and prosperity ended in , when revolution broke out and the country slid once again into disorder and debt. From to , there were six different presidents, each of whom was killed or forced into exile. The United States was particularly apprehensive about the role of the German community in Haiti approximately in , who wielded a disproportionate amount of economic power.

The German community proved more willing to integrate into Haitian society than any other group of white foreigners, including the French. A number married into the nation's most prominent mulatto families, bypassing the constitutional prohibition against foreign land-ownership. They also served as the principal financiers of the nation's innumerable revolutions, floating innumerable loans-at high interest rates-to competing political factions.

In February , Vilbrun Guillaume Sam established a dictatorship, but in July, facing a new revolt, he massacred political prisoners, all of whom were from elite families, and was lynched by a mob in Port-au-Prince. In the United States, responding to complaints to President Woodrow Wilson from American banks to which Haiti was deeply in debt, occupied the country. The occupation of Haiti lasted until The US occupation was resented by Haitians as a loss of sovereignty and there were revolts against US forces.

Reforms were carried out despite this. In , at the demand of US officials, the National Assembly was dissolved, and officials were designated to write a new constitution, which was largely dictated by officials in the US State Department and US Navy Department. Franklin D. Roosevelt , Under-Secretary for the Navy in the Wilson administration, claimed to have personally written the new constitution. This document abolished the prohibition on foreign ownership of land — the most essential component of Haitian law. When the newly elected National Assembly refused to pass this document and drafted one of its own preserving this prohibition, it was forcibly dissolved by Gendarmerie commandant Smedley Butler.

The Marines and Gendarmerie initiated an extensive road-building program to enhance their military effectiveness and open the country to US investment. Lacking any source of adequate funds, they revived an Haitian law, discovered by Butler, requiring peasants to perform labor on local roads in lieu of paying a road tax. In , Haiti had 3 miles 4.

His death in marked the end of hostilities. During Senate hearings in , the commandant of the Marine Corps reported that, in the twenty months of active resistance, 2, Haitians had been killed. However, in a report to the Secretary of the Navy he reported the death toll as being 3, In , Dartiguenave was replaced by Louis Borno , who ruled without a legislature until That same year, General John H. Russell, Jr. The Borno-Russel dictatorship oversaw the expansion of the economy, building over 1, miles 1, km of road, establishing an automatic telephone exchange, modernizing the nation's port facilities, and establishing a public health service.

Sisal was introduced to Haiti, and sugar and cotton became significant exports. An estimated 30,—40, Haitian laborers, known as braceros , went annually to the Oriente Province of Cuba between and The Great Depression decimated [ citation needed ] the prices of Haiti's exports and destroyed the tenuous gains of the previous decade. In December , Marines in Les Cayes killed ten Haitians during a march to protest local economic conditions. The US retained control of Haiti's external finances until At the same time, many in the growing black professional classes departed from the traditional veneration of Haiti's French cultural heritage and emphasized the nation's African roots, most notably ethnologist Jean Price-Mars and the journal Les Griots , edited by Dr.

The transition government was left with a better infrastructure, public health, education, and agricultural development as well as a democratic system. The Garde was a new kind of military institution in Haiti. Most of the Garde's officers, however, were mulattoes. The Garde was a national organization; [67] it departed from the regionalism that had characterized most of Haiti's previous armies.

In theory, its charge was apolitical—to maintain internal order, while supporting a popularly elected government. The Garde initially adhered to this role. President Vincent took advantage of the comparative national stability, which was being maintained by a professionalized military, to gain absolute power. A plebiscite permitted the transfer of all authority in economic matters from the legislature to the executive, but Vincent was not content with this expansion of his power. In he forced through the legislature a new constitution, which was also approved by plebiscite.

The constitution praised Vincent, and it granted the executive sweeping powers to dissolve the legislature at will, to reorganize the judiciary, to appoint ten of twenty-one senators and to recommend the remaining eleven to the lower house , and to rule by decree when the legislature was not in session. Although Vincent implemented some improvements in infrastructure and services, he brutally repressed his opposition, censored the press, and governed largely to benefit himself and a clique of merchants and corrupt military officers.

Under Calixte the majority of Garde personnel had adhered to the doctrine of political nonintervention that their Marine Corps trainers had stressed. Trujillo, determined to expand his influence over all of Hispaniola, in October ordered the indiscriminate butchery by the Dominican army of an estimated 14, to 40, Haitians on the Dominican side of the Massacre River. Vincent dismissed Calixte as commander and sent him abroad, where he eventually accepted a commission in the Dominican military as a reward for his efforts while on Trujillo's payroll.

The attempted coup led Vincent to purge the officer corps of all members suspected of disloyalty, marking the end of the apolitical military. In Vincent showed every intention of standing for a third term as president, but after almost a decade of disengagement, the United States made it known that it would oppose such an extension. Vincent accommodated the Roosevelt administration and handed power over to Elie Lescot. Lescot was of mixed race and had served in numerous government posts. He was competent and forceful, and many considered him a sterling candidate for the presidency, despite his elitist background. Like the majority of previous Haitian presidents, however, he failed to live up to his potential.

His tenure paralleled that of Vincent in many ways. Lescot declared himself commander in chief of the military, and power resided in a clique that ruled with the tacit support of the Garde. He repressed his opponents, censored the press, and compelled the legislature to grant him extensive powers. He handled all budget matters without legislative sanction and filled legislative vacancies without calling elections. Lescot commonly said that Haiti's declared state-of-war against the Axis powers during World War II justified his repressive actions. Haiti, however, played no role in the war except for supplying the United States with raw materials and serving as a base for a United States Coast Guard detachment.

Aside from his authoritarian tendencies, Lescot had another flaw: his relationship with Rafael Trujillo. While serving as Haitian ambassador to the Dominican Republic , Lescot fell under the sway of Trujillo's influence and wealth. In fact, it was Trujillo's money that reportedly bought most of the legislative votes that brought Lescot to power. Their clandestine association persisted until , when the two leaders parted ways for unknown reasons. Trujillo later made public all his correspondence with the Haitian leader.

The move undermined Lescot's already dubious popular support. This action precipitated student strikes and protests by government workers, teachers, and shopkeepers in the capital and provincial cities. In addition, Lescot's mulatto-dominated rule had alienated the predominantly black Garde. His position became untenable, and he resigned on 11 January. Radio announcements declared that the Garde had assumed power, which it would administer through a three-member junta.

The Revolution of was a novel development in Haiti's history, as the Garde assumed power as an institution, not as the instrument of a particular commander. Magloire , commander of the Presidential Guard. All three understood Haiti's traditional way of exercising power, but they lacked a thorough understanding of what would be required to make the transition to an elected civilian government. Upon taking power, the junta pledged to hold free elections. The junta also explored other options, but public clamor, which included public demonstrations in support of potential candidates, eventually forced the officers to make good on their promise. Haiti elected its National Assembly in May The Assembly set 16 August , as the date on which it would select a president.

Of humble origins, he was passionately anti-elitist and therefore generally antimulatto. He demonstrated, at least initially, a genuine concern for the welfare of the people. He did, however, expand the school system, encourage the establishment of rural cooperatives, raise the salaries of civil servants, and increase the representation of middle-class and lower-class blacks in the public sector. Not only had he largely excluded them from the often lucrative levers of government, but he also enacted the country's first income tax, fostered the growth of labor unions, and suggested that vodou be considered as a religion equivalent to Roman Catholicism—a notion that the Europeanized elite abhorred.

Lacking direct influence in Haitian affairs, the elite resorted to clandestine lobbying among the officer corps. Their efforts, in combination with deteriorating domestic conditions, led to a coup in May His nationalization of the Standard Fruit Company banana concession sharply reduced the firm's revenues. He alienated workers by requiring them to invest between 10 percent and 15 percent of their salaries in national-defense bonds. The president sealed his fate by attempting to manipulate the constitution in order to extend his term in office. Seizing on this action and the popular unrest it engendered, the army forced the president to resign on 10 May The same junta that had assumed power after the fall of Lescot reinstalled itself. It was a lesson that he would act upon when he gained power.

The power balance within the junta shifted between and When Haiti announced that its first direct elections all men twenty-one or over were allowed to vote would be held on 8 October , Magloire resigned from the junta and declared himself a candidate for president. In contrast to the chaotic political climate of , the campaign of proceeded under the implicit understanding that only a strong candidate backed by both the army and the elite would be able to take power.

Facing only token opposition, Magloire won the election and assumed office on 6 December. Magloire restored the elite to prominence. The business community and the government benefited from favorable economic conditions until Hurricane Hazel hit the island in Haiti made some improvements on its infrastructure, but most of these were financed largely by foreign loans. It was in the arena of corruption, however, that Magloire overstepped traditional bounds. The president controlled the sisal, cement, and soap monopolies. He and other officials built imposing mansions. The injection of international hurricane relief funds into an already corrupt system boosted graft to levels that disillusioned all Haitians.

To make matters worse, Magloire followed in the footsteps of many previous presidents by disputing the termination date of his stay in office. Politicians, labor leaders, and their followers flocked to the streets in May to protest Magloire's failure to step down. Although Magloire declared martial law, a general strike essentially shut down Port-au-Prince. Again like many before him, Magloire fled to Jamaica, leaving the army with the task of restoring order. The period between the fall of Magloire and the election of Duvalier in September was a chaotic one, even by Haitian standards. Duvalier is said to have engaged actively in the behind-the-scenes intrigue that helped him to emerge as the presidential candidate that the military favored.

The military went on to guide the campaign and the elections in a way that gave Duvalier every possible advantage. Duvalier scored a decisive victory at the polls. His followers took two-thirds of the legislature's lower house and all of the seats in the Senate. A former Minister of Health who had earned a reputation as a humanitarian while serving as an administrator in a U. His regime is regarded as one of the most repressive and corrupt of modern times, combining violence against political opponents with exploitation of Vodou to instill fear in the majority of the population. An estimated 30, Haitians were killed by his government. Duvalier's policies, designed to end the dominance of the mulatto elite over the nation's economic and political life, led to massive emigration of educated people, deepening Haiti's economic and social problems.

However, Duvalier appealed to the black middle class of which he was a member by introducing public works into middle-class neighborhoods that previously had been unable to have paved roads, running water, or modern sewage systems. In , Duvalier proclaimed himself "President for Life". The Kennedy administration suspended aid in , after allegations that Duvalier had pocketed aid money and intended to use a Marine Corps mission to strengthen the Macoutes. Duvalier also clashed with Dominican President Juan Bosch in , after Bosch provided aid and asylum to Haitian exiles working to overthrow his regime.

However, the Dominican army, which distrusted Bosch's leftist leanings, expressed little support for an invasion, and the dispute was settled by OAS emissaries. Under Jean-Claude Duvalier, Haiti's economic and political condition continued to decline, although some of the more fearsome elements of his father's regime were abolished. Foreign officials and observers also seemed more tolerant toward Baby Doc, in areas such as human-rights monitoring, and foreign countries were more generous to him with economic assistance. The United States restored its aid program in In , Baby Doc expropriated the Freeport Tortuga project and this caused the venture to collapse. Content to leave administrative matters in the hands of his mother, Simone Ovid Duvalier, while living as a playboy, Jean-Claude enriched himself through a series of fraudulent schemes.

Baby Doc's kleptocracy left the regime vulnerable to unanticipated crises, exacerbated by endemic poverty, most notably the epidemic of African swine fever virus —which, at the insistence of USAID officials, led to the slaughter of the creole pigs , the principal source of income for most Haitians; and the widely publicized outbreak of AIDS in the early s.

Widespread discontent in Haiti began in , when Pope John Paul II condemned the regime during a visit, finally provoking a rebellion, and in February , after months of disorder, the army forced Duvalier to resign and go into exile. From to early Haiti was ruled by a provisional military government under General Namphy. In , a new constitution was ratified, providing for an elected bicameral parliament, an elected president, and a prime minister, cabinet, ministers, and supreme court appointed by the president with parliament's consent. The Constitution also provided for political decentralization through the election of mayors and administrative bodies responsible for local government. The November elections were cancelled after troops massacred 30— voters on election day.

Military leaders, who had either orchestrated or condoned the murders, moved in to cancel the election and retain control of the Government. The elections led to Professor Leslie Manigat becoming president, but three months later he too was ousted by the military. Further instability ensued, with several massacres, including the St Jean Bosco massacre in which the church of Jean-Bertrand Aristide was attacked and burned down. During this period, the Haitian National Intelligence Service SIN , which had been set up and financed in the 80s by the Central Intelligence Agency as part of the war on drugs, participated in drug trafficking and political violence. The coup saw hundreds killed, and Aristide was forced into exile, his life saved by international diplomatic intervention.

An estimated 3,—5, Haitians were killed during the period of military rule. The coup created a large-scale exodus of refugees to the United States. The United States Coast Guard interdicted in many cases, rescued a total of 41, Haitians during and Most were denied entry to the United States and repatriated back to Haiti. Aristide has accused the United States of backing the coup. On 16 February , the ferry Neptune sank, drowning an estimated passengers. This was the worst ferry disaster in Haitian history. Various initiatives to end the political crisis through the peaceful restoration of the constitutionally elected government failed.

In July , as repression mounted in Haiti and a civilian human rights monitoring mission was expelled from the country, the United Nations Security Council adopted United Nations Security Council Resolution , which authorized member states to use all necessary means to facilitate the departure of Haiti's military leadership and to restore Haiti's constitutionally elected government to power. In mid-September , with U. In October, Aristide was able to return. When Aristide's term ended in February , this was Haiti's first ever transition between two democratically elected presidents. In May the Haitian legislative election, for the Chamber of Deputies and two-thirds of the Senate took place. However, the elections were marred by controversy in the Senate race over the calculation of whether Senate candidates had achieved the majority required to avoid a run-off election in Haiti, seats where no candidate wins an absolute majority of votes cast has to enter a second-round run-off election.

The validity of the Electoral Council's post-ballot calculations of whether a majority had been attained was disputed. The Organization of American States complained about the calculation and declined to observe the July run-off elections. In the meantime, the opposition announced it would boycott the November presidential and senatorial elections. Haiti's main aid donors threatened to cut off aid. The opposition refused to accept the result or to recognize Aristide as president. Allegations emerged of drug trafficking reaching into the upper echelons of government, as it had done under the military regimes of the s and early s illegal drug trade in Haiti.

Canadian police arrested Oriel Jean, Aristide's security chief and one of his most trusted friends, for money laundering. Anti-Aristide protests in January led to violent clashes in Port-au-Prince, causing several deaths. A mediation team of diplomats presented a plan to reduce Aristide's power while allowing him to remain in office until the end of his constitutional term. Although Aristide accepted the plan, it was rejected by the opposition, which mostly consisted of Haitian businessmen and former members of the army who sought to reinstate the military following Aristide's disbandment of it. On 29 February , with rebel contingents marching towards Port-au-Prince, Aristide departed from Haiti. Aristide insists that he was essentially kidnapped by the U.

State Department maintains that he resigned from office. Aristide and his wife left Haiti on an American airplane, escorted by American diplomats and military personnel, and were flown directly to Bangui , capital of the Central African Republic , where he stayed for the following two weeks, before seeking asylum in a less remote location. This event was later characterized by Aristide as a kidnapping. Aristide has accused the U. Caricom , which had been backing the peace deal, accused the United States, France, and the International community of failing in Haiti because they allegedly allowed a controversially elected leader to be violently forced out of office. During his schemes, he often forces SpongeBob to help him by threatening to fire him.

Krabs has also shown that he believes that he has full control over SpongeBob's personal life: in "Karate Choppers," he forces SpongeBob to give up karate altogether, including outside work, or else he would be fired. In "My Pretty Seahorse," where Mr. Krabs tells SpongeBob to not just stop bringing Mystery to work, but to get rid of her entirely, and once forced his employees to work nonstop and told them that they could never go home which is illegal. Despite his cruel and money-grubbing behavior, Mr.

Krabs is not completely heartless. He has apologized for his actions on occasion, and he does care for his daughter Pearl, going to great lengths to acquire food for her in "Growth Spout" though he did steal it from Mrs. Puff and Squidward. Despite his abusive treatment of SpongeBob and Squidward, he does care for and appreciate them, as the two help keep his restaurant afloat. He has also stated that he wouldn't stoop so low as to physically abuse them as shown in "Selling Out.

However, their relationship has not been explored at all after this episode. Additionally, in "Born Again Krabs," he struck a deal with the Flying Dutchman for a second chance at life because he is a non-cheap, generous man, something that he did very well until he discovered he had no money in the cash register. As shown in "Hooky" free water for Pearl and her friends , "Whale of a Birthday" [cardboard cake, dishwater for party drink, stale popcorn, an 'It's a Girl' with the word Boy crossed out banner, and Boys Who Cry really Squidward ], and "The Slumber Party" crackers and tap water, and "how about some pizza, just put sauce on crackers" , he loves money more than his daughter.

His address is Anchor Way, which suggests that there may be other anchors on his street. Krabs lives with his seemingly adopted whale daughter Pearl. He also owns a pet worm named "Mr. Krabs seems to be incredibly fit for someone his age and weight, as he has demonstrated titanic strength on several occasions. In "Squeaky Boots," he lifts the whole Krusty Krab, filled with numerous customers, like a feather. In "Bucket Sweet Bucket," he pushes the whole Krusty Krab across the street and then throws it into the air. He also possesses a remarkable sense of smell; he can smell money, and in "Hooky," he tracked down SpongeBob and Patrick by a sense of smell at least a few hours after the two left the Krusty Krab, claiming that he can "smell laziness up to ten thousand leagues.

If the show takes place in the present time, he is currently However, many details in the show imply he is much older than this. In "SpongeBob SquarePants vs. The Big One," he reveals that he has a great aunt named Sally, who the Flying Dutchman who is more than 1, years old claims to have dated in high school. In "Can You Spare a Dime? In "Truth or Square," he has flashbacks of former work years in black and white and states that he has spent a lifetime working at the Krusty Krab. Krabs is an extremely selfish and greedy crab when it comes to his money and will go to any lengths for even a single penny. Many episodes show this. He will even abuse SpongeBob and Squidward at work in many episodes. He made them work for 24 hours in "Graveyard Shift" and "Fear of a Krabby Patty," but changed it to 23 hours.

He forced them to fish for his millionth dollar even going as far as to use them as bait in "Clams. He is even shown to make them pay him instead of them getting their paycheck, such as "Squid on Strike," and in that episode, he fired SpongeBob and Squidward, and in the end, when they were rehired, he forced them to work for him for the rest of their lives after SpongeBob destroyed and trashed the Krusty Krab. It is shown in "Sandy, SpongeBob, and the Worm" that he cares more about money than he does about anyone else, even their lives, shown when Sandy wanted him to pay her.

He started foaming at the mouth and shouted, "No! You'll never get a cent out of me! I'd rather let that worm come in here, and eat you all alive! His famous appearance in "Born Again Krabs" shows his greedy personality when he almost dies for forcing SpongeBob to sell a rotten, moldy and old patty and in the episode, it shows how selfish he is when he sells SpongeBob's soul just for 62 cents and almost rips somebody's arm off for a penny. Krusty Love shows his generous side when he finds someone he loves just as much as money, which appears to be Mrs. He then tells SpongeBob to make him not spend any money even though he forces SpongeBob to spend money for him as he scolds him making him finally snaps at him and curses in gibberish at him, yet he can win Mrs.

Puff's heart and keep his money. He has also paid SpongeBob fake money and stole people's belongings to avoid paying shown in Life of Crime making him a criminal. Plankton," his eyes turned in golden bars when the lawyer said, "We'll counter sue Plankton for everything he's got! Krabs' greed is a double-edged sword, as he has made business decisions to save or acquire more money, which turned out to be counter-productive. An obvious example is in "SpongeBob You're Fired," when he fired his best employee simply to save a nickel and opted to do the fry cooking himself, which was a bad idea since his terrible fry cook skills scared all the customers away. Another is in "Hello Bikini Bottom! Despite his avaricious and malicious behavior, Mr. Krabs has shown that he can be a good person deep down on multiple occasions.

Krabs seems to have family all over the world, like Scotland, Dead Eye Gulch, and even pirates. His mother, Betsy Krabs, is the most notable being in several episodes. He and his relatives are very similar looking, all almost looking the same except with a few different facial features. He and his family have a very similar personality, like his Grandpa Redbeard and his western ancestor. They are both cheap, somewhat selfish, and always want money. Chris Paradis. Professor at SIMT d. Umesh Sahu. Show More. Views Total views. Actions Shares.

No notes for slide. Sanskrit subhashitas with english meaning 1. Agni fire , Rna runa-loan , shatru enemy , if remain even in small trace shesham will grow again punah punah pravardheta , so finish them completely tatah sheshamna karayet. There are three jewels in this earth. They are water, food and Subhaashita!! But theFools call the pieces of rocks as Jewels! Subhaashitaa are nothing but the collectionof vast experiences of people or in other words wise sayings.

There is no official coronation RaajyaBhishekh ceremony held to declare that lion isthe king of jungle. He becomes king by his own attributes and heroism Parakram. When it cathes fire in forest, wind is there to assist it. Samewind destroys a small lamp sa eva deep nashayay. The above Subhaashita is verymuch applicable from the national point of view. One will support you if you arepowerful or else the same will destroy you. So the only alternative with us is tobecome a mighty and powerful nation in the world. A crooked mans Durjan Knowledge Vidya is used by him only for thearguments ViVaad , his Wealth Dhanam results in him becomming an egoistic Madaaya person and his Power Shakthi is used just to trouble others Paripidaanaaya. The opposite is true for a good man sajjan.

Crying Rodanam is the strength of a small child [Parents accede tothe childs demand due to the childs crying. Thus crying is the strength of a child as itcan get what it desires by crying! Not expressing the views is the strength of anunintillegent person! Thieves get away with their crimesby their art of telling the untruth. Lets identify our strengths!! Horse Ashwam? Only the baby goat AjaaPutram is sacrificed during any ritual. Conclusion is that even God does not protect the weak!!

In all the 18 Puranas Shri. Vyaasa Maharshi has told only two gospels: Doing favourto others is Punya and troubling others is Paapa Sin!! Starting from Himalayas and extending upto Indu sarovaram Indian Ocean is the nation created by God which is known as Hindusthan. Himalayan rangesincluding Hindukush parvat on Western side and the ranges extending upto NorthMyanmar Brahmadesh on the Eastern side formed the Northern Boundary ofancient Hindusthan. This land extended upto the Indian Ocean on the Southern side.

This is the sacred land where God took Birth from time to time and recreated andestablished the social structure. All the people over the earth Pruthiwyam Sarvamanavaha should take lessons aboutliving and building their characters from the ancestors Rishis and Saints Agrajanmanaha who took birth in this land, Nation. Etaddesh prasootasya The Hindu culture and heritage is the greatest of its kind in this world and has powerto lead and show right path to the whole world.

Consideration like "he is mine or he is anothers" occur only to the narrow mindedpersons. To the broad-minded persons the whole world is a family. Every moment one should learn, from every bit one should earn. Speed is the glory of Horse Ashwa. The majestic walk is the glory of elephant Gaja Being wise Chatur is an asset to women Naarya and always being engaged insome work Udyogo suits the man.

Hunger, Thirst Trut and desire Aasha are like mans three wives. Until he is alivethese three will never leave him or go else where. There is no letter which is not a mantra which cant be used in mantra , there is noroot, which cant form some medicine, there is no person who is absolutely useless. But persons who can identify their utility and put them in proper usage are rare. The word "dharma" is derived from verb "dharaNa". Hence if something is able to hold people together, no doubt it is dharma. Eating or things needed for survival , sleep, fear from somebody and sex life forreproduction , these habits are common between human beings and animals.

It is "dharma" which isadditional important quality of man, without which he is same as an animal. O Maitreyi! Man is not loved by his wife because he is husband, but because of theAtma Soul in him. Telling truth is recommended, but more than that, tell those things which are ininterest of all. According to me nArada here thing which is beneficial to largecommunity, is truth. There is no kingdom nor any king! No criminal nor any judge to give the penalty to thecriminal!! All the people protect each other by the virtue of Dharma.

This is a varnanof an Aadarsha samaj!! A samaj which is a live samaj in which each and everyindividual lives completely up to his responsibility!! Only a samaj which will be madeup of such ideal individuals can realise the above subhaashita!! One example is worth mentioning. If the number of social service organisations suchas orphanages, child care centres etc. Infact such institutions will come up because the relativesor neighbours may have failed to do their Dharma!! Bhishmacharya is generallytelling dharmaraja about hou good his rule should be. To my knowledge ekshwakuwas the first king any body can correct me if im wrong.

Lakshman, This Golden Lanka does not allure me. Mother and Motherland is dearerto me even than heaven. It is very appropriate to remember theshloka on the occasion of Vijayadashami. Over six thousand years ago, after the greatVictory over Ravana, on the day of Vijayadashami, Lord Shree Ram tells Lakshmanathat He was not interested in the wealth of Lanka and did never want to rule Lanka. He would rather go back to His Motherland. Later Vibheeshana was made the king ofLanka. Enmity ends with death.

Now he rAvaNa is mine as he is yours. This reflects our sanskriti. As rAvaNa was dead, his brother bibhishan was hesitating for cremation. According tohim rAvaNas body was not worthy of proper treatment. A intelligent buddhiman man spends his time in the research and studies ofliterature Kaavya and philosophy Shastras like Veda Shastra, dharma shastraetc. Or in other words the said subjects are means of his entertainment He getssatisfaction due to the studies of kaavya and philosophy. In contrast a unintelligent Murkha man gets satisfaction in bad habits like sleep Laziness , quarrel or some type of addiction.

May be according to him a buddhiman is a person whoinvests his time in order to get some thing valuable and long lasting!! A book says: Protect me from oil Oily products which leave a mark on the page ;Protect me from water; Also protect me from the loose binding; And after doing all thisplease do not hand me over to a Murkha unintelligent person!! Donating somethingmore suites the hand than the bangles.

Like wise the body of a sajjan person more suites by doing favours on others paropkar than application of sandalwoods cream to itself. Amongst languages, language of gods girvANbharati - Sanskrit is sweet, in thatpoetry is beautyful and still in that subhAshit. For a generous person, money or wealth is insignificant is equivalent to grass. For abrave person, death has no value or it is no cause of worry. For a selfless virakta person, his family is insignificant.

And for a person who has no desires nispRha , this world is of no interest. Ruler ship and learning is not comparable any time. King gets respect from his owncountry where as learned person gets it from everywhere. One should avoid friendship or warm relationship with wicked person. Here the poet describes the supremacy of Subhashitas. On this earth theRASA implied meaning of subhashitas is so sweet that the grapes felt ashamed ofits sweetness and crestfallen. It is improper to start digging the well after the house has caught fire! We should bepro-active i. Only one person dies due to the poison; By the weapons too only one living creaturecan die.

But due to the incorrect decisions by the king, the king himself, the wholenation and its citizens can die!! The learned and the intelligent readers can derive the significance of the abovesubhaashita and understand its implications by looking back at our history, even inthe past 50 years. No need to mention specifically the sufferings caused to theKashmiri pandits in the Kashmir valley as the result of the decisions that were made!!! The people who bow down to the Sun perform SUryanamaskArs everyday, povertydoes not arise intheir lives for thousands of births.

The people who are punctual intheir duties like Sun, never become poor. Greatness is not by birth, greatness is decided by qualities of a person. As it increases from milk to curd to ghee. By giving an example of a lion the subhashitkAra here wants to emphasize that thedesire and capabilities should be added by the efforts and hard work to achieve thegoal! It looks odd if teeth, hair, nails, and men are not at their proper place. Knowing this,wise man never leaves his place occupation. Doing something else is not desirable. Great men too remain alike in both thegood and bad times. There is no achievement like peace the word tapa might be used here to emphasizethe efforts required to keep your mind peaceful.

All Upanishads are like cows, Gopalnandana Shrikrishna is their keeper. IntelligentPartha Arjun is the calf who enjoys the milk and splendid GeetAmRit is the milk ofthese cows. Geeta is the precise summary of all Upanishadas. It is said that, if one dilutes milk with water, and gives to swan, swan is able to extractmilk and drink it. This subhashit is trying to explain that the external appearance does not make aperson great but his qualities.

It also explains that wise people precisely know what isuseful and what is not. Crow is black, cuckoo bird is also black. What is the difference between crow andcuckoo bird? But When spring arrives crow is crow and cuckoo bird is cuckoo bird. With the advent of spring, cuckoo bird starts singing with its sweet voice, but crowdoes not have this ability. This subhashit is exactly in lines with the previoussubhashit. Only the difference is that I am bahuvrihi theone whose guardians are people and on the contrary you are Shashthipurush theguardian of people i. This shlok is from the conversation between Mahamantri Vidur and Dhritarashtra inMahabharat. Vidur says, Your Majesty, always good speaking people can be easilyfound.

But a person speaking bitter truth and one who listens to him are bothdifficult to find. Never believe a wicked person even if he is talking in your favor. When it comes to comparison between a serpent and a wicked person, it is theserpent who is the better of the two. Because, a sperpent bites occasionally veryseldom. But, the wicked person stings causes pain at every step always.

Its better to have one good Gunvaan is the exact word! The darkness is expelledby one single moon and not by the group of stars!! At the tip of the hand fingers , is the abode of Goddess Lakshmi; in the center of thehand the palm stays Goddess Sarasvati. At the base of the hand wrist , there is LordVishnu. We write by holding the pen in our fingers andpalm. All the work that we can do, is because of the wrists Vishnu is the Lord of theUniverse who governs its functioning. So, on waking up in the morning, one shouldhave a "darshan" of his hands. Knowledge Vidya is the real wealth, in a foreign land, So is Cleverness, at toughtimes. Righteousness Dharma is the only wealth that can buy Heaven Par-lok.

Verily, Good Conduct Sheel is the wealth everywhere and at all the times! It cannot be stolen by thieves, Nor can it be taken away by kings. It cannot be dividedamong brothers and It does not cause a load on your shoulders. If spent, It indeedalways keeps growing. The wealth of knowledge is the most superior wealth of all! As a person with dirty cloth does not hesitate to sit anywhere, a person whosecharacter is spoiled, will not hesitate to do bad.

Every one must have experienced this the first half I mean :- particularly in rainy days, when you come out of your home,you will take all care to protect yourself from the mud etc. But once somebodysplashes some of it on you, you are tension free. Similarly to save your character, you have to take care only at first time. Parmeshwar God doesnt himself take a danda Stick in his hand to protectsomeone. But he gives the buddhi Intelligence to a person whose safety he wishes,to withstand any attack!

One can recall many instances in the life of Shivaji Maharajwhere the above subAshita can be perfectly applied! A person, who wants to get some work done from another person, praises him till thework is pending. As, once youcross a river, why will you need a boat? This Subhashit describes, how selfish we arewhen dealing with others. Obviously not to be practiced. This message iscoveyed by giving the example of a thick rope that is used to bind an elephant. A thickrope gains its strength due to its innumerous small threads that are binded together,which in turn has so much of strength as to hold an elephant. Small drops of watermakes the ocean also conveys the same meaning. YOumay nor be treated with same respect as always. So she uses it for her daily rituals likeburning it to cook food etc.

A snake is cruel and so is the wicked person. But a wicked person should be calledmore cruel than the snake because the snake can be calmed by some techniques Mantras , but the wicked person cannot be kept in control by any such techniques! First line - Till the son is five years old one should pamper him. When he crosses fivetill he becomes 10 he should be spanked. Tadayet means to spank in reality thoseare the years when one needs to discipline him. However, when he turns 16, he should be treated like a friend.

Means he should feelthat he is grown up and his opinion matters, which can happen when he is treated likea friend. A fully filled water container will not create much noise as compared to the half filledone. When the containers are given some jirk the water inside it will also move andcreate some noise. Similarly Vidvaan Intelligent people always remain calm andwill not have any mis-placed pride as opposed to the people who know very less butalways keep talking. Nothing is more surprising than this. This is from Mahabharata, encounter of Yudhishthira with Gandharva.

Gandharva 11 Inresponse to this, Dharmaraja gave this answer. Meaning Line 1There is only one bird Khag who has very high self esteem and self respect, Let thatthat Chataka that birds name live long life Chiranjeev Meaning line -2Line two explains why is he called Khagomani. He would prefer to die because ofthirst but will ask for water only from God Indra Purandar. Means, he drinks only rainwater. He will never drink water from the pond or stored water. Such high self respectand self esteem he has. In our context we can take it this way, if you want to ask some thing then ask thatgreatest almighty who is the supreme self and not anyone else.

If we want to be likeChataka or if we want to learn something from this bird. In other words dont doYachana Yachana is like asking something from some one as u are in need to anyone but only to the greatest authority which is GOD. This bird comes in many contexts in Marathi or Sanskrit. Peace, Peace.. In a house where fools are not honoured fools are not involved in decision making ,where there are enough stocks of food and things required in day to days life andwhere there is no conflict between husband and wife, there lakshmi prosperity comes by its own.

Just like a donkey which carries the sandal wood on its back doesnt know theimportance Or Value of the sandal wood but only knows Realises about someweight which is put on its back, in the same way many learned people who havestudied the Shaastras Sciences dont realise the true meaning of it and simply carrythe weight of the knowledge! Deer follow deer, cows follow cows, horses follow horses like that fool people followfools, and wise people go after wise. Here the subhAshitkAra wants to emphasise that the person who does the daana One who donates- The act of giving the personal belongings always achieves thehigher place than the person who just does the sangraha collection without thedaana. Subhashitkar is addressing Satyavikram in this Subhashit.

It is kudharma. Among the hundred people only one is brave.

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