🔥🔥🔥 Should Student Athletes Be Paid?

Thursday, November 25, 2021 9:46:00 AM

Should Student Athletes Be Paid?

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Should Student Athletes Get Paid?

There are large amounts of money gained from Division I athletics, but only a small number of schools benefits from their programs. Universities spend a very large amount of money on their college organizations in the facilities, coaches, equipment, and other aspects. In most states, the person with the highest taxpayer-provided base salary is a public college football or basketball coach. This figure does not include coaches at private colleges. By , most Division I schools had established single-source contracts, which supply the university with apparel for all athletic programs, sometimes including cheerleading squads and dance teams, which compete outside the NCAA structure.

Many athletic programs do not make enough money to cover the cost to maintain those programs, so they use student fees to fund their programs. Due to donations, 16 of the 23 schools were able to cover their expenses, so truly only 7 of the universities broke even due to their athletic programs. For the other schools that did not break even, they are partially funded by the state or student fees. Most of the money that is being spent is used to pay the coaching staff, for the games, and the top of the line facilities. The amount spent on an athlete is seven times more than the average amount spent per student. Title IX of the Education Amendments of — which requires gender equity for boys and girls in every educational program that receives federal funding — has specifically made an impact on the distribution of college athletes by sex since its passing in The law states that:.

No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance In , the final clause of Title IX was signed into law and included provisions prohibiting sex discrimination in athletics. The regulations pertaining to athletics require that an institution which sponsors interscholastic, intercollegiate, club or intramural athletics shall provide "equal athletic opportunity" for members of both sexes. In order to successfully comply with Title IX requirements, NCAA institutions must meet one of the requirements in the "three prong test" as follows:. They have the power to pull federal funding from schools or organizations that are found to be non-compliant with title IX, although this power has never been exercised.

The OCR will usually work with the school or organization that is non-compliant to set up a schedule or plan to follow to become compliant. The Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women was founded in , evolving out of the Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics for Women founded in In its peak, the AIAW had almost 1, member schools. In the early s, the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics and the National Collegiate Athletic Association began sponsoring intercollegiate championships for women, and the AIAW discontinued operation after the —82 season.

Title IX has had a considerable impact on college athletics. Since its passing, Title IX has allowed for female participation to almost double in college sports. Before the law was passed in fewer than 30, girls participated in college sports; as of more than , girls participated in college sports. Studies on the gender equity of sports found on college campuses have provided an examination of how Title IX is perceived. Questions have been raised over the equity between male and female student athletes. Females, regardless of whether an administrator, coach, or athlete, thought there to be less equity than males when it comes to these five factors: program support, financial support, sports offerings, scheduling, and changes in the past two to three years.

In addition, Title IX legislation has affected male athletes as well as male coaches. Title IX has been associated with the cutting of opportunities available for men and boys. As budgets are stretched to accommodate additional programming requirements for women and girls. More than 2, men's athletic teams have been eliminated since to comply with the proportionality prong of Title IX requirements. Increases in opportunities for male coaches, however, have resulted from Title IX legislation.

Before Title IX, 90 percent of women's intercollegiate teams were coached by women. Although the actual number of female coaches increased between and , the percentage of female coaches continued to decline over that same period. In addition, although men have broken into coaching female athletes, female coaches have not experienced the same opportunities to coach male athletes. In , 99 percent of collegiate men's teams were coached by men, and the same is true today. Title IX has increased opportunities for women in college athletic participation. Increasing female participation in sports has had a direct effect on women's education and employment. Recently, [ when? In the 21st century, the high, rising income paid to some colleges by the media for transmitting games to their television audiences, has led some people to complain that the athletes should share in the colleges income.

There are arguments in favor of paying athletes. Paying college athletes would present several legal issues for the NCAA and its member institutions. About one in ten college teams help to generate a large net amount of revenue for their school, but the athletes are not personally rewarded for their contribution. This money is spread through administrators, athletic directors, coaches, media outlets, and other parties. None is given directly to the players. Collegiate athletics entails time-consuming, intense commitment to practice and play. Colleges such as University of Connecticut UConn , Syracuse University , and Kansas State University have some of the worst graduation rates in the country for their student-athletes.

Paying these athletes would give some incentive to stay and finish college. The CACA has not decided if this will affect sports that do not make money for schools. The NCAA has rejected the definition of student-athletes a "employees". Several college athletes have been accused of financial improprieties, including Reggie Bush , Cam Newton , and Johnny Manziel. A USA Today article takes issue with the critics because the terms had been drawn up by the colleges:. For college athletes to be held to the terms and conditions of a one-year scholarship that have been set by the very authorities who financially benefit the most and render the athletes involved voiceless in the process is a glaring conflict of interest. In an article by usa today they state "Players in the NCAA's top-tier Division I bowl subdivision say they devote more than 43 hours a week to the sport during the season, and those in a couple of other sports — baseball and men's basketball — approach that commitment, an NCAA study shows.

The conditions of the athletic scholarship and transfer rules, prohibitions against agents, limits on due process, failure to deliver on the promise to educate, the unobstructed selling of athlete images, and the like are tools of exploitation that benefit college sport leaders while oppressing those who perform on the field. Because of their demanding schedules, most athletes have no time to make any additional money, making it difficult to help support needy family members. After a number of efforts to go to trial against the NCAA's incoming revenue, a court date has been set. The trial is scheduled to begin during the summer of Although the NCAA claims that their athletes have amateur status , the organization has made billions of dollars off of merchandise licenses.

The NCAA has earned billions from broadcast revenues annually. By selling the image of their players, the NCAA is able to make money from each sport. O'Bannon has stated that some of this revenue should be spread out among the players who help bring in this cash to the NCAA. The U. Though the court found this ruling, all that would come of it would be that schools would only have to cover the cost of attendance.

This would scrap the injunction found by U. District Court Judge Claudia Wilken that division one football and basketball players could receive up to five thousand dollars a year for playing. The Supreme Court would deny to hear the case on appeal, effectively stopping O'Bannon's fight. In a court case brought by a few Northwestern University football players against the NCAA, argued that the players should be able to unionize and bargain collectively. The court's decision only applied to those football players at Northwestern on a scholarship. Required football practice and playing had reduced the time students could use to pursue their studies. Former player Kain Colter argued that athletic departments should decrease the maximum number of hours a player must participate in a sport to remain part of the team and retain a scholarship.

As it stands, 50 hours a week is the maximum. On June 21, , the U. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that the NCAA cannot bar relatively modest payments to student athletes. College athletes that receive a full scholarship to college already benefit from perks that the general student body does not receive. College athletes are able to take advantage of free room and board, the best dorm rooms on campus, free books and classes, and first choice of classes they want.

Adding on to the monetary argument are the opinions that student-athletes could lose focus on their educational responsibilities. College athletes currently receive an enormous amount benefits when they step on campus. They are able to pick their classes before any other students. They also receive the best tutoring possible to ensure they will be eligible for their respective sport season. Many people make the argument today that they should be paid for all they do for the university. Some people also believe that they are already being paid. They are on the receiving end of more than a few benefits. College athletes have the benefit of not having the burden of paying their college off after school.

They receive one of the most important assets an individual can receive for little or no cost. The current system is working fine, and college athletes do not need to be paid. It's to be used for "educational and developmental opportunities. This debate has caused certain elite colleges to take caution asking athletes to sign forms that prevent them from suing the college. The signed forms gives the college full imagery benefits, allowing them to use their names to sell team T-shirts and jerseys. Insurance wise - a plan proposed by William E. Kirwan, Ohio State University President, would insure athletes against injuries and mishaps during workouts, practices and games. Because of title IX, all college athletes would have to be paid, including athletes playing for teams that do not produce a lot of revenue.

Non-revenue sports would suffer. Over all the sports available to division one programs, only Football and Basketball actually make a profit, with the exception of Baseball in very few instances. The rest of the sports either break even or, more often than not, cost the school more than they contribute. Non-revenue sports likely will be thinned out, high school athletes will lose the chance to continue competing and a larger emphasis on collegiate competition will take place within the power five conferences.

Further examples of athletes being treated like royalty at their universities can be seen through the University of Oregon. Suffice it to say that the opportunity cost of participating in college athletics is immense. If a college athlete were to spend those Another benefit of paying college athletes is that it could help teach the basics of personal finances to athletes, many of whom have dealt with very public financial struggles after retirement. Many of these players blamed poor investments, trusting unethical financial advisors and lavish spending habits as the reason for their money troubles. If schools were to begin paying players, they could also help these students build a foundation of financial literacy. This would allow them to introduce these students to financial advisors who had their best interests in mind.

Whether or not these college athletes went on to play professionally, they would at least have some type of financial literacy to carry with them into whatever career they choose. Marquee college sports like football and basketball are undeniably star-studded. However, recent years have seen more and more athletes seek alternative paths on their way to the pros. Players like Emmanuel Mudiay, Brandon Jennings, Josh Huestis and Anfernee Simons have all made headlines for their decisions to skip a perfunctory year of college and instead either train exclusively for the NBA Draft or play professionally abroad. None of these players on their own are costing the NCAA revenue with their decisions to abstain.

While not all student-athletes are on scholarship, many are. This is especially true for those who are playing for athletic programs that are competing for national championships. In addition to free tuition and room and board, these college athletes also often receive stipends to help towards books and other basic needs. This money does not have to be paid back. Most other students are not receiving these benefits. Thus, in comparison, student-athletes already have it easier, financially, than most of the students at their school. When that happens, the same process will take place at other private schools, which will be forced to negotiate with players on issues like health care benefits and revenue sharing.

And then, when it becomes clear the unionized programs have a recruiting advantage over public schools, state legislatures even in conservative, anti-union states will begin to figure out how to change their laws so that their athletes can be part of the movement. Eventually, the last wall of amateurism that the NCAA has tried for decades to uphold — direct payments to college athletes — will come tumbling down. Instead, the NLRB showed deference to NCAA rules, reasonably concluding that a unionized football team playing non-unionized football teams would be pretty disruptive for college sports.

In reality, all the NLRB did was punt until the politics of the moment were different. And boy have they ever changed in the last six years. For the last few months, college athletes from coast to coast have been making deals and earning money without significant regulations aside from those imposed by their own campuses.

Pro 1: large revenue generated by college athletes The main argument in favor of paying college athletes is that they bring in Should Student Athletes Be Paid? large net amount of revenue to their schools. Division I college athletes spend a median of 32hrs per week in their sport including Should Student Athletes Be Paid? hrs per week for baseball Should Student Athletes Be Paid? and 42 hrs per week Should Student Athletes Be Paid? football trompenaars and hampden-turner Should Student Athletes Be Paid? the season, respectively. Should student athletes get paid? Cheats Student Athletes.

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