❤❤❤ Adoption In Pauls Letter To The Galatians

Sunday, October 03, 2021 2:04:27 AM

Adoption In Pauls Letter To The Galatians

But on the back, there are all kinds of knots and tie-offs and connections and repairs that make the front of the masterpiece possible. The King James does Adoption In Pauls Letter To The Galatians go along with the Greek Septuagint. Truth Triumphant! Adoption In Pauls Letter To The Galatians to Theissen and Merz, Historical Jesuspp. These men were ice cube 2015 their spiritual gifts. Yes, he was " opposing " these two men, but in actuality he as Adoption In Pauls Letter To The Galatians messenger Adoption In Pauls Letter To The Galatians opposing God's messengers, God's Adoption In Pauls Letter To The Galatians Gospel Adoption In Pauls Letter To The Galatians ultimately Sir Isaac Newton Research Paper Himself! To have gotten an man from the Lord Adoption In Pauls Letter To The Galatians not the same thing. Tithing is a matter of faith-point blank.

Adoption Story - David Platt

If the believer would keep all these regulations he would be good; then he would be doing what God wanted him to do. You foolish Galatians - This is the first time Paul has addressed the Galatians personally since Galatians and this time he uses the impersonal name "Galatians" rather than "brethren" which helps set the tone for what follows. They are not lacking in intelligence but in obedience to the truth of the Gospel! Vine gives us a preview of coming attractions so to speak - Up to this point the apostle had dealt only indirectly with the difficulty in the Galatian churches.

Wiersbe - Paul used six different arguments to prove that God saves sinners through faith in Christ and not by the works of the law. He began with the personal argument Gal. Then he moved into the scriptural argument Gal , in which he quoted six Old Testament passages to prove his point. Bible Exposition Commentary. Bob DeWaay - In calling the Galatians foolish or stupid, Paul was not casting aspersions on their intelligence.

No one can read the Letter to the Galatians without realizing that Paul presupposed a high level of intellectual ability on the part of his readers. The Galatians were not lacking in IQ but in spiritual discernment. Galatians Cursed by Works or Blessed by Faith. The Judaizers had infiltrated the church and were undermining the very core of Christianity, namely, justification by faith alone in Christ alone. They were teaching that to be Christians, Gentiles had to become Jewish proselytes and obey the Mosaic Law including circumcision. Appalled that the Galatians would tolerate, much less embrace, such heresy, Paul called them anoetos or people without understanding, reason, and thought, people who had abandoned the very truth of the glorious Gospel they had been taught by one of the greatest teachers in the history of the church.

The believers in Galatia were not stupid but had simply failed to use their spiritual intelligence when faced by the unscriptural, Gospel-destroying teaching of the Judaizers. In a word they had failed to use their heads! Hendriksen asks rhetorically "is not everyone foolish who barters the truth of God for the lie of Satan, peace for unrest, assurance for doubt, joy for fear, and freedom for bondage?

And the Galatians, by yielding to this influence, had failed to understand that a Christ supplemented is a Christ supplanted New Testament Commentary. Wuest on O foolish Galatians - It is an expression of surprise mingled with indignation. The situation in Galatia will help us understand this outcry. There was on the one hand, the native and national spirit joined to the power of the priesthood and the temples, the spirit of Orientalism, that of stagnation, ignorance and superstition. On the other hand, there was the desire for education, the recognition that Greece and Rome stood on a higher intellectual level than was afforded by the native religions and customs, and in addition to that, a revolt against the ignorant and enslaving native superstitions.

The people of the province of Galatia are those who have shaken off the benumbing and degrading influence of the native magic and superstition. They are those who judge for themselves as to the real values in life, and lay claim to insight and wisdom. Paul accuses them with failing to use that insight and wisdom, that appreciation of the better things, when he uses the Greek word translated foolish. The word is anoetos. It denotes the stupidity that arises from deadness and impotence of intellect. The Galatians, Paul says, were certainly not using their heads. The word is used with an ethical reference as the faculty of moral judgment.

It is always true, as it was with the Galatians, that the act of a Christian who embraces false doctrine, is due to sin in his life. The Galatian defection was not due to any fickleness of the Gauls. They are not prominent in the picture. Spurgeon - With very great enthusiasm the Galatians received the gospel when Paul preached it to them. They seem to have been a very warm-hearted but fickle people, and Paul found, to his great grief, that while he was away from them certain false teachers came in and turned them aside from the gospel that he had delivered to them.

The wisdom of it is no better than the trickery of some old witch. If you take your eyes off Christ, it must be witchcraft that makes you do it. Eadie says foolish "describes acting in a spirit which manifests the absence of wisdom. Bartlett - In giving head to false teachers, the Galatians had, indeed, shown the grossest stupidity. Anoetos describes one with a unwillingness to use one's mental faculties to understand. It is not a lack of intelligence as much as it is a mental laziness and carelessness. It describes a person who can think but fails to use their power of perception. The Galatians had been taught the truth of the Gospel and Jesus, but they failed to examine the teachings of the Judaizers in the light of this truth with the result that the Judaizers led them out of truth and into bondage.

The believers in Galatia cp Jesus use of anoetos in Lk were not stupid but had simply failed to use their spiritual intelligence when faced by the unscriptural, gospel-destroying teaching of the Judaizers. They were not using their heads! Vincent - Nous is used by Paul mainly with an ethical reference, as the faculty of moral judgment. See on Rom. Anoetos therefore indicates a folly which is the outgrowth of a moral defect. Henry Morris - Unlike most of his other epistles, Galatians includes no prayer requests from Paul, nor any commendations of the church and its ministry. Paul had preached the doctrines of salvation by grace and Christian liberty so clearly and effectively when he had first established these churches that it was hard for him to understand how they could so quickly and easily be led into false doctrine.

This is a problem today as well. Many, like the Galatians, have been " bewitched " by clever persuasion into such deceptions. The Greek word for "bewitched" is used only this once in the New Testament, and does not necessarily refer to witchcraft. The connotation is "fascinated" or "deceived. Harrison - Law demands works; grace requires faith. As law leaves us helplessly on Our Side, impotent to transfer us to His Side, it is evident that all works required by law are equally impotent. As grace alone has positioned us on His Side, so faith lays hold of all the riches that are ours by His saving and sustaining grace. Galatians Faith versus Works. Befuddle means to be confusing or perplexing to; to cause to be unable to think clearly; to muddle or stupefy with or as if with drink.

It is as if the Galatians had "drunk" of the Judaizer "cool-aid" and were now confused and perplexed regarding the truth of the Gospel. Be especially careful reading so-called "Christian books. Only God's Word will keep you on the straight and narrow path of the truth of the Gospel. Only God's Word can partake of the promise in Isaiah ! Similarly, be very wary of any "new teaching" that comes into your church making big promises. I have seen this method used by the evil one to disrupt and divide several churches. In one situation I even tried to draw the elders attention back to the Word of God to compare with what was being taught. Guess what?

They did not heed the advice! And guess what? Several hundred families ended up leaving the church over this issue. Punch line? Stay in the Word and keep the Word as your compass and guide and you won't be led astray or befuddled regarding the truth of the Gospel! Martin Luther - Although I am a doctor of divinity, and have preached Christ and fought His battles for a long time, I know from personal experience how difficult it is to hold fast to the truth.

I cannot always shake off Satan. I cannot always apprehend Christ as the Scriptures portray Him. Sometimes the devil distorts Christ to my vision. But thanks be to God, who keeps us in His Word, in faith, and in prayer. The word denoted either the fascination of an evil eye or some malignant influence akin to it. The infatuation of the Galatians is attributed to the baneful effect of some mysterious power of evil. Ryrie - Gal To return to law and negate the necessity of the death of Christ Gal was to act as if bewitched. Works of the law did not give them the Holy Spirit. Gromacki : "In a sense, the Galatians were victims of an evil spell. They must have been hypotized or awe struck by the forceful oratory of the key Judaizer. Bartlett - " Who hath bewitched you with his evil eye of sorcery to exchange the priceless Gospel of grace for a worthless gospel of works?

Many unstable folk are fairly begging for a ride in every newfangled substitute for the Gospel that comes along WOE! Almost every day we hear that gullible victims are being swindled out of funds by smooth-spoken crooks who induce them to invest in worthless enterprises. It cannot be insisted upon too strongly that subjection to works is rejection of grace. Spurgeon - The Galatians wanted to go back to circumcision and to the old sacrifices of the law. Paul calls it witchery, for in his day it was believed that men could cast an evil eye upon one another and thus work evil upon their fellow men.

It seemed to Paul to be something like that—as if the devil himself were in it and came and turned men away from Christ Jesus, to go back to trusting in the law and its obsolete ceremonies. These Galatians thought that they had been led by reason and guided by the learning of their teachers, but Paul calls it witchery. It is a strange thing that those who have seen Christ should ever go back to these things Even those that are converted, or appear to be so, can become suddenly bewitched with error of one kind or another, just as in families children are suddenly taken ill with certain complaints that seem incidental to childhood.

If parents had never heard of such things before, they would be astonished. They would suppose that they must lose their children when such unaccountable diseases suddenly appeared in them, and yet they survive. In the family of Christ, certain epidemics break out at times. We cannot tell why they should come just then. At first, perhaps, we are puzzled and perplexed to think that such diseases should come at all. But they do come, and hence it is well to be on our guard against them. Bewitched baskaino originally meant "slander, speak ill of one," to cause harm with unfavorable words. In the NT it came to mean to subject a person to an occult influence, to "blight by the evil eye," or "cast the evil eye" see Wikipedia.

The thought was to put a spell on someone. Baskaino means to charm or fascinate in a misleading way, as by flattery, false promises, or occultic power, and clearly suggests the use of feeling over fact, emotion over clear understanding of truth. Thayer on baskaino - 1. Although bewitched can carry the idea of sorcery, that is not the idea in Galatians The Galatians were not victims of a magical spell or incantation, but were misled pupils of teachings they should have instantly recognized as false. They had fall under the spell of those who had distorted transformed it into something of opposite character "the Gospel of Christ.

This was always Paul's primary goal in presentation of the Gospel even as he reminded the saints at Corinth that he had "determined to know nothing among them except Jesus Christ, and Him crucified. And so the yielding of the Galatians to the false teaching of the Judaizers was inexcusable. Spurgeon adds that Paul had presented the truth of Christ crucified "with great plainness.

The Greek word prographo has to do with a program or a proclamation. I have put the letters down in capitals. I have not talked of Him in a mystical way, so that you did not know what I meant, but I have set Him forth. Galatians - Doctrinal Exposition. Wiersbe - "It was 'Christ and Him crucified' that Paul had preached in Galatia, and with such effectiveness that the people could almost see Jesus crucified for them on the cross.

Guzik explains that by using the phrase before whose eyes of the Galatians "Paul did not mean that the Galatians literally saw the crucifixion of Jesus or even that they had a spiritual vision of it. He meant that the truth of Jesus and Him crucified cf 1 Cor and the greatness of His atoning work on the Cross for them as their substitutionary sacrifice was laid out for them so clearly see prographo that they could see it. In fact watching the death of Jesus on the Cross meant nothing to hundreds, if not thousands, who saw Jesus dying on the Cross and only mocked Him! Galatians 3 Commentary. Publicly portrayed makes us think of a message on a large billboard which is easily seen, clearly displayed and fully understood! This vision of the Cross and the centrality of the truth of the finished work of Christ had become "fuzzy" to the Galatians because of the false teaching.

Lightfoot says prographo "is the common word to describe all public notices or proclamations This placard ought to have kept their eyes from wandering, and so to have acted as a charm against all Judaic sorceries. Marvin Vincent paraphrases Paul's seeming play on the word " eye " - "Who could have succeeded in bringing you under the spell of an evil eye , when directly before your own eyes stood revealed the crucified Christ? When our eyes are filled with the bright shining of the Light of the World Jn , we shall not be captivated by the dazzling neon signs of the world's pleasures.

To write previously or before. Figuratively prographo means to announce or prescribe. The word was used to describe all public notices or proclamations and indicates a public announcement in which the validity of a particular fact or condition is proclaimed. Prographo is used of posting important official notices on a placard in the marketplace or other public location for citizens to read. Even in our day the cases to be heard by a judge are written beforehand and appended in a public place in the courthouse. Prographo was also used for putting up the announcement of an auction sale. Vine on prographo - The apostle in his words " publicly displayed " carries on his metaphor of the evil eye baskaino ; as a preventative of such mischief it was common to post up charms on the walls of houses, a glance at which was supposed to counteract any evil influence to which a person may have been subjected.

Notwithstanding, he says in effect, that the fact that Christ had been crucified was placarded before your very eyes in our preaching, you have allowed yourselves to be overlooked, you have been fascinated by the enemies of the Cross of Christ, when you had only to look at Him to escape their malignant influence; cp. Wuest notes that Paul's use of prographo "does not here speak of the act of painting the crucified Christ on a placard for public notice, but of posting a public announcement to the effect that He was crucified.

This Paul did in his preaching among the Galatians cp 1 Cor , This placarded notice of the crucifixion of the Lord Jesus should have been enough to keep the eyes of the Galatians from wandering to the enticements of the Judaizers. The word crucified is in the perfect tense. This speaks of the fact that the apostle is not speaking of the figure of a dead Christ on a crucifix, but of the risen, ascended Christ who had been crucified, who was alive, whose glorified body still bore the marks of the nails and the scars of the crown of thorns, and who is the living Saviour by virtue of His atoning work on the Cross.

Galatians Commentary - Verse by Verse online. Why is the crucifixion important to refute the false teaching of Judaizers who taught one needed to add to the finished work of Christ? Spurgeon sums it up that the Galatians "had heard the plainest possible preaching from Paul and his companions. Jesus Christ had been so clearly set forth before them that they might, as it were, see Him as He hung upon the cross of Calvary.

Yet, under some unhallowed spell, they turned aside from the faith of Christ. Ryken on the perfect tense of crucified - The perfect tense denotes a past event that continues to have significance in the present. And if ever there was an event that called for the perfect tense, it was the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. Jesus was crucified on a particular day, by particular men, outside a particular city, on a particular tree.

If we had been there to witness his crucifixion, we could have reached out to touch the cross and picked up a splinter in our fingers. The crucifixion was a factual event in human history. On the cross, Jesus gave his life as the once-and-for-all atonement for sin. This is what it means to portray Jesus Christ as crucified. But there is more. God proved that he accepted the sacrifice Jesus made by raising him from the dead. Therefore, to preach Christ having been crucified is not simply to preach him crucified; it is also to preach him risen.

Jesus is no longer on the cross. At this very moment he is a risen and living Savior who is able to grant forgiveness to everyone who believes in him. This forgiveness goes all the way back to the cross, a past event with a present consequence. Reformed Expository Commentary - Galatians. The perfect tense speaks of past completed action with ongoing effect or results. Indeed, will not the saving effect of the Cross of Christ endure eternally? Of course it will, praise God! Toward the end of this letter Paul again uses stauroo declaring "may it never be that I should boast, except in the Cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, through which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world.

They had the doctrine of the cross preached, and the Lord's supper administered among them, in both which Christ crucified, and the nature of his sufferings, had been fully and clearly set forth. Had they been made partakers of the Holy Spirit, by the ministration of the law, or on account of any works done by them in obedience thereto? Was it not by their hearing and embracing the doctrine of faith in Christ alone for justification? Which of these had God owned with tokens of his favour and acceptance? It was not by the first, but the last. And those must be very unwise, who suffer themselves to be turned away from the ministry and doctrine which have been blessed to their spiritual advantage. Alas, that men should turn from the all-important doctrine of Christ crucified, to listen to useless distinctions, mere moral preaching, or wild fancies!

The god of this world, by various men and means, has blinded men's eyes, lest they should learn to trust in a crucified Saviour. We may boldly demand where the fruits of the Holy Spirit are most evidently brought forth? Assuredly among the latter. God had never intended for the physical act of circumcision to be an "end" in itself, but this is exactly what the Jews did with this command. They made it a "prerequisite" for salvation. They did what so many have done with God's Word over the years, focusing on the "letter" of the Law and missing the "spirit" of the law.

God is primarily concerned about what men are like on the inside not the outside. He has always desired internal heart change over external works. A good outward act is validated before God only when it honestly represents what is on the inside. Right external behavior only pleases Him when it corresponds to right internal attitudes and motives cp 1 Co ,5, cf Jn Under Law there was a dividing veil Exodus - Grace brought a rent veil Hebrews The Law cries out, "Do - and live! It is finished! Receive Jesus and live! The Law cries out, "Every mouth The Law was graven upon stone.

The Law demands obedience - or no blessing Deuteronomy - Grace brings obedience because of the blessing I John The Law cries out, "Stone the prodigal" Deuteronomy - Grace cries out, "Put the best robe on the prodigal. Let us feast and be merry! Law brings death Deuteronomy - Grace gives to us the quietness and assurance of peace Romans The Law is unsatisfying to the conscience Hebrews - The grace of GOD is unfailing in its forgiveness and remedy for sin Hebrews ; Hebrews The Law is the voice of consternation Hebrews - The grace of GOD is the voice of covenant, blessing, peace and assurance Hebrews The Law produced zeal Romans , but no salvation Philippians ; Romans - Grace imparts zeal, and brings joy unspeakable and full of glory because we are saved Titus ; I Peter Bob DeWaay comments on what he interprets as a modern day repetition of the Galatian problem - "I have personally seen chronically troubled saints pouring over the book Neil Anderson's "The Bondage Breaker" , for years, hoping to find relief from such things as promised on the cover: "negative thoughts, irrational feelings, and habitual sins.

They must do a veritable survey of the flesh to find the walk of the Spirit. Thus the Galatian error is repeated. In regard to Galatians , the Holy Spirit does not bring past sins to our minds. The accuser of the brethren Revelation keeps busy with that task. Colossians , 14 tells us that the debt is cancelled, the decrees against us nullified, and our sins forgiven. The work of the Holy Spirit is to remind us of what Christ has done, once for all, through the cross and point us to our future hope.

Yet Anderson tells his readers to ask the Holy Spirit to bring to mind past sins: "If something comes to mind and you are not sure what to do about it, trust that the Spirit of God is answering the prayer you just prayed, and go ahead and renounce it" Anderson: Bondage, The reader is directed to a long checklist there are others in the book and told to pray a prescribed prayer of renunciation of things that "the Holy Spirit has prompted you to renounce. What are they? They are religions, magic, spells, curses, astrology, superstitions, and anything else that pagans typically get involved with. The last box to be checked is telling: "Movies, TV shows, music, books, magazines, or comics that the Lord is bringing to your mind.

Having gone through the checklist and listened for special prompting from God, the reader is to repeat prescribed prayers of confession and renunciation "out loud. The confessions and renunciations have no logical end. Thus, Galatians is violated, abrogated, and transgressed, all in the name of recognizing the reality of the stoicheia as demonic and not just the ABC's of religion. This is a day of sorcery, demonic deception in the end of time. The world is tricked, fascinated, under the spell of a thousand evil eyes. The weird, the uncanny, the occult, psychedelic drugs, hallucinations with these humanity is being swept into an orgy of induced insanity.

The church is attacked, and Satan would deceive the very elect. Good men are led astray by the liberal gospel, the secular gospel, the social gospel. Jannes and Jambres imitate Moses. The Great Deceiver as an angel of light imitates every work of God, and thousands of poor souls cannot distinguish wheat from tares. Fortune-tellers, necromancers, magicians, are small fry compared to the new witchery let loose upon the world. Men we never dreamed would weaken are giving way, and Satan has so cleverly maneuvered his strategy that it appears un-Christian to lift a voice against his wiles and devices.

This procedure is so skillfully executed, that many are afraid to express even doubt of it-much less opposition. We had better take some special courses in Ephesians Six, and learn the true nature of spiritual conflict. We have been provided full equipment for this warfare, and we had better learn how to evaluate both our adversaries and our allies. It had stood at the entrance to that cemetery for more than 50 years. The thieves apparently cut it off at its base and hauled it off in a pick-up. Police speculate that they cut it into small pieces and sold it for scrap. That is the problem, of course—understanding the value of the cross. May we not be so blind! That was my observation recently as I overheard my second-grade son Steven talking with one of his friends.

I was surprised by his word choices, but I was really taken aback when I heard Steven talking the same way. It was another illustration of the power of others to change the way we think. We carefully guide our children to use proper speech patterns, but the influence of one friend can undo all that. Think about how this principle affects much more important choices. Consider Ahaziah in 2 Chronicles. He was influenced by his mother to do wrong 2 Chr His godly grandfather Jehoshaphat surely had some influence on Ahaziah, but it was the evil persuasion of Athaliah that marked his course.

We can be manipulated! So we must be careful about who or what influences us and stay close to our Father, the source of all that is good and right. All rights reserved. Be sure that those in whom you trust Are led by God each day; For if they let the devil guide, They could lead you astray. Maxie Dunnam - How could you miss it? This verse might not have struck me with such power had I read it in another setting. Great crowds gather around the walls where posters are displayed. A primary means of communication, posters have been used to share the message of liberation and revolution for thirty years in this vast land. Not only are posters used for the current propaganda, there are some omnipresent ones.

Pictures of Chairman Mao, Premier Hua, Marx, Lenin, and Stalin were in every school we visited, every factory, and in every reception room of every commune. The thinkers, planners, and leaders of the socialist revolution are constantly before the eyes of the people of China. This is why it came through to me with such power in China. Richard C. He is referring to the total work of God in the Christian: the past, the continuing present, and the future; the beginning, the end, and all in between. Grace is as necessary for the continuity of the Christian life as it is for its conception and consummation. One has little difficulty in apprehending the fact that the new birth is a work of grace.

There is nothing one can do to be born anew. The mystery of spiritual birth, it is relatively easy to me, must be a work of grace. Furthermore, there is a little difficulty in understanding the resurrection of the body to be a work of grace. It is quite obvious that man can do nothing to expedite this event. But when it comes to the interlude between regeneration and resurrection the inclination is to think of it as man on his own, or at least man doing his best with token help from God. It is at this point that the Christian is constantly in danger of developing a doctrine of works that will defeat the very thing he is desiring in his life. A famous story tells of the tight-rope walker Charles Blondin , who set up a rope across Niagara Falls and walked across several times.

So confident did he become that he made the journey backwards as well as forwards, and performed various tricks on the way, like sitting on a small stool and eating a meal. But the most famous trick was when he asked for a volunteer to be carried over on his back. In what must be one of the most supreme acts of physical trust ever placed by one human being in another, a brave, or perhaps foolish, man stepped forward, and was carried over on the great man's shoulders. Now supposing, halfway across, the man had said to Blondin: 'Look here, this is all very well, but I really don't trust you any more.

I think I'd better do the rest by myself. Let me down and I'll walk from here without you. Had he taken leave of his senses? How did he suppose he would get across by himself? That is exactly the reaction Paul has on hearing that his beloved Galatians are thinking of getting circumcised. Paul for Everyone: Galatians and Thessalonians. Galatians This is the only thing I want to find out from you: did you receive the Spirit by the works of the Law, or by hearing with faith? Amplified: Let me ask you this one question: Did you receive the [Holy] Spirit as the result of obeying the Law and doing its works, or was it by hearing [the message of the Gospel] and believing [it]?

Barclay Tell me this one thing—did you receive the Spirit by doing the works the law lays down, or because you listened and believed? Phillips I will ask you one simple question: did you receive the Spirit of God by trying to keep the Law or by believing the message of the Gospel? Wuest This only am I desiring to learn from you. By means of law works did you receive the Spirit or by means of the message which proclaims faith? NET Galatians The only thing I want to learn from you is this: Did you receive the Spirit by doing the works of the law or by believing what you heard?

Of course not! You received the Spirit because you believed the message you heard about Christ. Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? CSB Galatians I only want to learn this from you: Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the law or by hearing with faith? NIV Galatians I would like to learn just one thing from you: Did you receive the Spirit by observing the law, or by believing what you heard? NRS Galatians The only thing I want to learn from you is this: Did you receive the Spirit by doing the works of the law or by believing what you heard? YLT Galatians this only do I wish to learn from you -- by works of law the Spirit did ye receive, or by the hearing of faith?

NAB Galatians I want to learn only this from you: did you receive the Spirit from works of the law, or from faith in what you heard? NJB Galatians There is only one thing I should like you to tell me: How was it that you received the Spirit -- was it by the practice of the Law, or by believing in the message you heard? GWN Galatians I want to learn only one thing from you. Did you receive the Spirit by your own efforts to live according to a set of standards or by believing what you heard? BBE Galatians Give me an answer to this one question, Did the Spirit come to you through the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?

This is the only thing I want to find out from you : "Let me ask you this one question" Amplified ; "I will ask you one simple question" Phillips "It is not that he is uninterested in anything else but that this one issue is of supreme importance, crowding out all other considerations. As Lenski says Paul "pours out question upon question. He wants no answer for himself, he needs none; the Galatians need them for themselves. It is high time they did a little plain Christian thinking.

Ridderbos adds that their answer to this question "is in principle determinative of the issue between them and him. Their own witness must convince them of their error. Want thelo see thelema ; synonyms boule and boulomai is a very common NT verb x which primarily refers to exercising of one's will with the underlying sense of to be willing, to desire, to want or to wish in Jn in context of prayer.

The shut mind is the end of discipleship! The NET translation is probably a more accurate rendering of the Greek word manthano , the passage reading "The only thing I want to learn from you is this. Bartlett - This query ushers in a series of questions skillfully designed, by the honest answers evoked, to build up an indisputable argument from Christian experience in support of the thesis that men are justified by faith alone. The question immediately before us in verse 2 points to the manner in which the Galatian believers had become children of GOD through the miracle of the new birth and the reception of the Holy Spirit. If, then, regeneration was wrought in their hearts through the mighty work of GOD in response to their simple faith in JESUS as Savior, how can there possibly be any place for works , either alone or in addition to faith , so far as the obtaining of salvation is concerned?

Gerald L. Borchert - In typical diatribe fashion, this statement opens the way to a question with an answer that Paul knows will be obvious to his readers Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the Law or by hearing with faith? Works of the Law refers to obedience to the Mosaic Law. He is basically asking them how were they saved - by works or by faith? How did your Christian life begin? Notice that he assumes they do in fact possess the Spirit and thus he is not questioning whether or not they are saved. He assumes they are saved. And the answer to his question is simple and straightforward. How did you receive the Spirit? Or did He come in when you put your faith in Christ? And so Paul is challenging them to remember how they were saved, and the answer they would have or should have given is by hearing the Gospel Paul had preached and accepting it with faith.

And when did they receive the Spirit? The moment they placed their trust in Jesus and His death, burial and resurrection on their behalf. Stated another way the Holy Spirit came to indwell them only after they believed the message they heard about Christ, and independent of performing any works of the Law. As polar opposites faith in the Gospel and works of the Law cannot tolerate each other. It must be one or the other, and not a combination of both. These two ways are like oil and water and they do not mix! The Law says "Do this. The law makes demands and bids us obey; the gospel brings promises and bids us believe. So the law and the gospel are contrary to one another. They are not two aspects of the same thing, or interpretations of the same Christianity.

Notice that Galatians connects with Galatians which says " So then, does He who provides you with the Spirit and works miracles among you, do it by the works of the Law, or by hearing with faith? If you did indeed receive Him, did you receive Him by the works of the law or by the hearing of faith? There could be no middle ground. The Spirit came either by hearing with faith , or by law.

The Galatians had only one answer from their experience: the Spirit came by the hearing with faith. It is everlastingly so, Paul would say. Ed : I like that - " obedient trust " because "trust" that is genuine faith will obey, not out of legalistic constraint and reliance of natural energy, but our of love and supernatural energy from the Holy Spirit. By what avenue were you first made conscious of having the Holy Spirit in your hearts?

Was it by the avenue of rigorous bondage to ceremonial ordinances or was it by the exercise of faith in Christ, so that you listened and listened and eagerly took to heart the marvelous message of the gospel? The Law said, "Do! The weakness of the Law is the flesh; the wonder of grace is the Holy Spirit This was the crucial point. When Paul appeared among them on his first missionary journey, what had he preached? Had he told them to be good and keep the Ten Commandments? Had he told them to be circumcised and keep the Sabbath?

Had he told them to become proselytes of the Jewish religion and join the local synagogue? Is that how they were saved? Is that how they had received the regenerating Holy Spirit of God? He had preached Christ to them. They had believed and had been regenerated, indwelt, baptized, sealed, and filled by the Holy Spirit. Simply to ask the question was its own answer. Exploring Galatians. ESV Study Notes - Received the Spirit refers to the new covenant work of the Holy Spirit that comes after saving faith, at the beginning of the Christian life, to sanctify and to empower the believer in life and various kinds of ministry. Paul knew this experience was so real for the Galatians that they would remember it. It is therefore ludicrous to maintain, as some Christians do, that the full gift of the Holy Spirit comes through an additional work of experience.

A person who does not have the fullness of the Holy Spirit does not need a second blessing ; he needs salvation. The indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit is inseparable from the new birth. At no time before salvation can a person have the indwelling Spirit, and at no time after salvation can he not have Him. Earle on Spirit - The Greek word is pneuma , from which we get "pneumonia," "pneumatic," etc. It originally meant "a movement of air, wind, breath. So the word for "breath" was also used for "spirit. Note Paul's emphasis on the Holy Spirit in these first 5 verses Gal , 3, 5 , which are the first time the Spirit is mentioned in this letter.

The two uses of pneuma which refer to the human spirit and not the Holy Spirit are Gal , Gal Spurgeon on works of the Law makes an interesting statement that "We Christians are sound enough on this point as a matter of theory , but we are all of us very heretical and unsound as a matter of practice. You will not find a Christian who does not have to mourn over his self-righteous tendencies. You will not discover a believer who has not, at certain periods in his life, had to groan because the spirit of self-confidence has risen in his heart and prevented him from feeling the absolute necessity of the Holy Spirit. Or by hearing with faith? The second meaning agrees more with the context since Paul is contrasting his message of grace with the preachments of the Judaizers.

Romans says "faith comes from hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ. Gromacki comments that "If the Judaizers had been correct, then it would have been impossible for the uncircumcized Gentile converts to have received the Spirit at all. To accept the heresy of the Judaizers would be to deny the presence of the Spirit in their lives. Martin Luther reasoned, "The devil approves of this idea [of works salvation] and makes it grow in our hearts. So when our reason hears that we can do nothing to obtain the forgiveness of sins but only hear the Word of God, it immediately cries out, 'Rubbish!

You are making the forgiveness of sins too unimportant a matter. Wuest on with faith or "of faith" - The phrase of faith defines or describes the message. It is a message that announces faith as the means whereby one receives salvation. MacDonald - One question should be sufficient to settle the whole matter. Let them go back to the time of their conversion—the time when the Holy Spirit came to dwell in their bodies. How did they receive the Spirit? By doing, or by believing? Obviously it was by believing. No one ever received the Spirit by keeping the law. The related word believe, believer or believed is used 3x in 3 verses. The contrasting word Law is also a key word in Galatians 3 - 15x in 12 verses. Maxie Dunnam on faith in this passage - Paul is talking here not about the content of faith, or the state of mind of the listener, but of the believing kind of hearing that is open to the gospel, welcomes it, and leads the hearer to yield to Christ and entrust his life to Christ.

To hear the law and the traditions set down by Moses and the fathers carried with it the burden of straining nobly to keep it, and the guilt of inevitable failure. Hearing the gospel creates faith God gives us that faith in which the Spirit is received. Every one who is justified receives the Spirit and everyone who receives the Spirit is justified. This puts an end to the false teaching that salvation is in two stages. Some say that a person is justified when he initially receives Christ but he must receive the Holy Spirit at a later time in the Christian life.

Paul says that justification and the coming of the Spirit occur when a person trusts in Jesus Christ as His Lord and Savior. Faith pistis means trust or confidence and in the active sense equates with belief. As pistis relates to God, it is the conviction that God exists and is the Creator and Ruler of all things well as the Provider and Bestower of eternal salvation through Christ. As faith relates to Christ it represents a strong and welcome conviction or belief that Jesus is the Messiah, through Whom we obtain eternal salvation and entrance into the Kingdom of Heaven.

Stated another way, eternal salvation comes only through belief in Jesus Christ and no other way. Wayne Grudem defines faith that saves one's soul and opens the door to enter the Kingdom of Heaven as follows - Saving faith is trust in Jesus Christ as a living person for forgiveness of sins and for eternal life with God. This definition emphasizes that saving faith is not just a belief in facts but personal trust in Jesus to save me The definition emphasizes personal trust in Christ Because saving faith in Scripture involves this personal trust, the word " trust " is a better word to use in contemporary culture than the word " faith " or " belief. W E Vine has this descriptive definition of the related verb pisteuo See discussion of the obedience of faith.

Donald Macleod - The Law and the Gift of the Spirit - There is one thing further: we do not depend on the law for our experience of Spirit baptism or for the gift of the Holy Spirit. Again, this has become a serious issue. The Charismatic Movement proposes a view of our experience of the Holy Spirit which is essentially legalistic. There are variations on this theme but the core technology remains: there are things we have to do.

Have you really renounced all sin? Have you made a surrender of your will to God—an absolute surrender? Have you really, really thirsted? Paul deals with the problem directly and specifically in Galatians 3. The gift of the Spirit is as much a matter of sola fide by faith alone as is justification. The New Testament preaches a glorious gospel. But when we tamper with it and add bits to it in the interests of moralism we create all kinds of problems. If our receiving the gift of the Spirit depended on our doing something, on the quality of our believing or on the strength of our religious desires, we would never have the Spirit.

Adrian Rogers - No one can believe God unless God enables him to believe. And how does God enable you to believe? He gives you a word. Therefore, contrary to the popular belief of some in the Christian community, you don't just "name it and claim it. Galatians Are you so foolish? Having begun by the Spirit, are you now being perfected by the flesh? Amplified Are you so foolish and so senseless and so silly? Having begun [your new life spiritually] with the [Holy] Spirit, are you now reaching perfection [by dependence] on the flesh?

Barclay Are you so senseless? After beginning your experience of God in the Spirit, are you now going to try to complete it by making it dependent upon what human nature can do? Phillips Surely you can't be so idiotic as to think that a man begins his spiritual life in the Spirit and then completes it by reverting to outward observances? Wuest Are you so unreflecting? Having begun by means of the Spirit, now are you being brought to maturity by the flesh? NET Galatians Are you so foolish? Although you began with the Spirit, are you now trying to finish by human effort? NLT Galatians How foolish can you be? After starting your Christian lives in the Spirit, why are you now trying to become perfect by your own human effort? KJV Galatians Are ye so foolish?

ESV Galatians Are you so foolish? ASV Galatians Are ye so foolish? CSB Galatians Are you so foolish? After beginning with the Spirit, are you now going to be made complete by the flesh? NIV Galatians Are you so foolish? After beginning with the Spirit, are you now trying to attain your goal by human effort? NKJ Galatians Are you so foolish? Having begun in the Spirit, are you now being made perfect by the flesh? NRS Galatians Are you so foolish? Having started with the Spirit, are you now ending with the flesh? YLT Galatians so thoughtless are ye! NAB Galatians Are you so stupid? After beginning with the Spirit, are you now ending with the flesh?

GWN Galatians Are you that stupid? Did you begin in a spiritual way only to end up doing things in a human way? BBE Galatians Are you so foolish? Are you so foolish? The Phillips paraphrase is pithy - "Surely you can't be so idiotic as to think that a man begins his spiritual life in the Spirit and then completes it by reverting to outward observances? So the first question in Gal is about how one becomes a Christian and now in Gal the question is about how one lives as a Christian.

Gal deals with justification by faith and Gal deals with sanctification by faith. Donald Campbell - the means of justification and sanctification were and are the same. There was no provision under the Law for the Holy Spirit to do a work of sanctification. The Galatian believers probably thought that keeping the old Law would aid them in their spiritual lives, but it would not. The Bible Knowledge Commentary. The knowledge and understanding were there, but they were not using them. THOUGHT - I am a bit convicted here -- it is one thing to possess spiritual knowledge but is a problem if we don't allow the knowledge to "possess us! Guzik on this foolishness - This deception was cultivated by Satan to set our Christian life off-track.

If he cannot stop us from being saved by faith, then he will attempt to hinder our blessing and growth and maturity by faith. Foolish see preceding discussion on anoetos used in Gal Anoetos speaks of someone who is lacking in discernment. The Galatians had been taught the truth of the Gospel and Jesus, but they failed to examine the teachings of the Judaizers in the light of this truth with the result that the Judaizers led them out of truth and the lie that they needed to perform works in order to grow spiritually. This is a further reason why all forms of legalism should be cast out root and branch. Merely to ask such a question is to answer it in the negative. Vincent - Has your folly reached such a pitch as to reverse the true order of things?

Vine paraphrases Paul are you "so reluctant to exercise your senses that you have not seen an inconsistency so glaring as this. Howard Vos comments that "apparently some ED : Judaizers were arguing that a really spiritual person should keep the law. This was to exalt flesh above spirit, to ignore spiritual enablement for daily living, and to violate what Paul must have clearly taught them when present with them cf. Phil ; 2 Co Spurgeon - The first thing that God the Holy Spirit does in the soul is to regenerate it. The next thing is to teach the soul that it is utterly incapable of saving itself. The Holy Spirit next applies the blood of Jesus to the soul, gives the soul the grace of faith whereby it lays hold of Jesus, and gives it an anointing of holy consolation and unction of assurance—whereby, casting itself wholly on the blood and righteousness of Jesus, it receives joy, knows itself to be saved, and rejoices in pardon.

When the sinner has thus believed, then the Holy Spirit brings all the precious things to him: the blood of Jesus, the righteousness of Jesus, the covenant of adoption. Notice that for the first time in this letter Paul draws attention to the epic struggle in all Christians - the battle between the Spirit and the flesh. He will elaborate on this struggle in four more passages:. Because of this contrast, to walk by the Spirit is to avoid walking in the flesh. Seeking God. This was the normal Greek word for beginning a sacrifice. In other words this was the word for scattering the grains of barley on and around the victim which was the first act of a sacrifice see Barclay's note below. In Galatians the aorist tense refers to a past completed action, so that at specific moment when they first trusted the Gospel of Christ for their justification the Spirit began His work of progressive sanctification.

Do we ever do this beloved? This is a rhetorical question! Of course we all fall into this legalistic trap of trusting works of self rather than the work of the Spirit. Not let go, let God, but let God and let's go! We are to be partners with the Spirit, not passive participants in our daily, progressive sanctification process. How are you doing? Or to ask it another way - Are you walking like Paul who walked like Jesus walked? In classical Greek it was often employed in literature describing religious ceremonies, particularly in reference to initiatory rites and sacrificial offerings.

Because of its early use in the language of sacrifice, enarchomai has been thought to have sacrificial overtones in the New Testament, where the term appears two times Galatians ; Philippians It's like the country preacher who was asked at his ordination how he had become a Christian. He replied, "I did my part and God did His. From Him, through Him and to Him be the glory! The derivative word proenarchomai is used in 2Co referring to the contribution by the Corinthians that was earmarked to support the poor saints in Jerusalem.

Enarchomai - 8x in the Septuagint - Ex. The average Christian is so cold and so contented with his wretched condition that there is no vacuum of desire into which the blessed Spirit can rush in satisfying fullness. The adherents of every religion try to earn their own salvation by their own efforts, as do those following Judaism as a faith; the only difference is that the pagan has not such clear knowledge as the Jew.

The Epistle of Paul to the Galatians. Are you now being perfected by the flesh? Indeed, there was no provision under the Law for the Holy Spirit to do a work of sanctification. Barclay paraphrases it as "are you now going to try to complete it "your experience of God" by making it dependent upon what human nature can do? When you were saved by faith you began by the Holy Spirit. Do you think that once you are saved justified by faith you can grow spiritually by depending on the works of the flesh works of the Law? Of course not. Spurgeon - Surely the way in which the Christian life begins is the method in which it is to be sustained. If you have begun in the flesh, go on in the flesh; but if you really know that your beginning was in the Spirit, then do not go back to the flesh.

John Stott - Paul had come to Galatia and preached the gospel to them. He had publicly portrayed before their eyes Jesus Christ as crucified. They had heard the gospel and with the eye of faith had seen Christ displayed upon His cross. They had believed the gospel. They had trusted in the Christ exhibited in the gospel. So they had received the Spirit. They had neither submitted to circumcision, nor obeyed the law, nor even tried to. All they had done was to hear the Gospel and believe, and the Spirit had been given to them.

Particularly in Galatians, Paul seems to be directing his use of the Old Testament towards the Judaizers, who believed that early Christians should still continue to practice the law of Moses, specifically circumcision. Paul tried to show that individuals such as Abraham received promises and blessings from covenants with God even before the law of Moses was given. Therefore, Christians could receive promises and blessings through faith in Christ and covenants with God without practicing the law of Moses. Abraham was the great exemplar of. Paul also wrote about how those people who were of the works of the law were under the curse see Galatians ; Deuteronomy and were only justified through faith see Galatians —12; see also Romans ; ;.

Habakkuk ; Leviticus The argument about faith in Christ versus works of the law in Romans brings out a few additional points. First, the spirit of the law is more essential than the letter of the law. Paul also stated that God will credit righteousness without works see Romans —8; Psalm —2. Paul, then, compared the works of law to a stumblingstone because the Jews did the works of the law rather than accept Christ see Romans ; ; Isaiah [two times]. Finally, he gave a small explanatory section wherein he quoted an Old Testament phrase then gave its meaning as it applied to Christ and the righteousness which came from faith see Romans —8; Deuteronomy ; — Another area in which Paul applied Old Testament scripture was in defense of his preaching of the gospel of Christ and of his calling as an Apostle.

These passages, about twelve in total, deal with the ministry of the gospel to those who have not accepted it and are found in both letters to the Corinthians and in Romans. In many aspects, these passages can be related to other topics covered elsewhere in this chapter because they show how preaching the gospel will lead one to faith, election, and true wisdom. In his first letter to the Corinthians, Paul stated that the Saints preach the gospel of Christ crucified, which is foolishness to the unbelievers but the power of God to those being saved. Thus, the wisdom of the world would be frustrated through their preaching see 1 Corinthians ; Isaiah But though their word had great power, the teacher should not boast of himself see 1 Corinthians ; 2 Corinthians ; Jeremiah [two times].

Paul also used an Old Testament citation while stating that he did not receive temporal support from his preaching but sought only spiritual blessings see 1 Corinthians ; Deuteronomy In 2 Corinthians, Paul utilized a Psalm to present the motivation for preaching: having believed, they must now speak see 2 Corinthians ; Psalm Also, as ministers of God, they preached that now was the time to accept the day of salvation see 2 Corinthians ; Isaiah He closed his argument against those who believed he did not have the power of Christ by stating that two or three witnesses visits or letters to Corinth would prove his calling see 2 Corinthians ; Deuteronomy Within Romans, Paul addressed the tribulations that would come upon those within the ministry who believed in Christ, but he promised that eventually they would conquer all see Romans ; Psalm He also discussed the necessity of preaching the gospel so that others could hear of Christ, accept Him, and be saved by their faith on Him see Romans , 16, 18; Isaiah , 15; ; Psalm Paul employed eight Old Testament citations dealing with various ethical teachings, mostly in a section on Christian ethics in Romans 12—14, perhaps to show that although the law of Moses was fulfilled through Christ, basic ethical rules or laws found in Old Testament scripture were still required.

One rule he gave, within the context of a discussion on the validity of the law, was the need to love another as oneself and to please and edify others just as Christ sought to help others, not please oneself see Galatians ; Romans ; ; Leviticus [two times]; Psalm One prohibition Paul gave was against seeking revenge see Romans ; Deuteronomy He reiterated some of the Ten Commandments, such as no adultery, murder, stealing, bearing false witness, or coveting see Romans ; Exodus —15, He also argued that one should not judge another, because in the end only God will judge see Romans ; Isaiah ; A fifth topic, where Paul used seven Old Testament verses to counsel his followers, was his exhortation to the believers to separate themselves from the unbelievers, especially in acts of immorality and idolatry.

In general, he admonished them to put away the wicked from among themselves because they were temples of God and would be His children see 1 Corinthians ; 2 Corinthians —17; Deuteronomy ; Leviticus ; Isaiah ; 2 Samuel Specifically, he warned them to guard against immorality see 1 Corinthians ; Genesis and idolatry see 1 Corinthians ; Exodus Even more specifically, he used Old Testament scripture while addressing the issue of whether it was lawful to eat food sacrificed to idols or sold by unbelievers see 1 Corinthians ; Psalm Thus, because the Old Testament Israelites faced some of the same challenges in trying to separate themselves from sin, Paul could use examples from scripture to encourage Christians to obey likewise.

In a discourse on the Resurrection found in 1 Corinthians 15, Paul used five Old Testament texts to put forward his belief in the Resurrection. First, Paul explained that Christ was resurrected so He could eventually subdue all His enemies and rule over everything see 1 Corinthians ; Psalm Then he explained that if there were no resurrection, there would be no need for law or righteous living see 1 Corinthians ; Isaiah In the end, resurrection will conquer death see 1 Corinthians —55; Isaiah ; Hosea First, he showed that God would reveal things not yet imaginable to man see 1 Corinthians ; Isaiah , for who can know the mind of God? Paul used Old Testament references in two cases where he addressed the need for the Saints to contribute to a collection for the poor in the Church.

First, he reminded the Saints that there should be greater equality see 2 Corinthians ; Exodus , and second, he taught that God would provide for all see 2 Corinthians ; Psalm Finally, Paul used one Old Testament example when treating the matter of the gift of tongues versus prophecy in 1 Corinthians By using a passage from Isaiah, Paul was trying to show that the gift of tongues was for a sign to those who did not believe, whereas prophecy was necessary to edify the believers see 1 Corinthians ; Isaiah — In this chapter, these formulae show how often the Old Testament was consciously cited by the Apostle Paul to strengthen his arguments and illuminate doctrine.

It truly was an important source to lend authority to his teachings and enrich his writings. The vast number of Old Testament quotations in his letters seems to indicate his early Pharisaic schooling and his desire to defend his beliefs through the Old Testament. In many doctrinal matters, he relied heavily on the Old Testament, which is noteworthy because of his great emphasis on a new covenant with a new elect people and the fulfillment of the law with now a need for faith in Jesus Christ. So despite all these changes within the belief system, Paul employed Old Testament passages to admonish and teach his followers.

Perhaps the reason for the greatest number of quotations coming from Isaiah, Psalms, and the narrative section of Genesis was to avoid sections mostly containing the now-fulfilled Mosaic law. Occasionally these citations were different from what we have in Septuagint or Hebrew manuscripts. Some may have been changed by Paul to strengthen his argument or to fit the new situation. But many of the differences between the New Testament and the Septuagint and Hebrew Bible may simply have resulted from each group using different manuscripts, not just the transmission into the New Testament, because there were also differences between the Septuagint and Hebrew versions such as the Dead Sea Scrolls, Samaritan Pentateuch, Masoretic tradition, and others.

Paul also frequently used the Old Testament to demonstrate the election of the Christians, the importance of faith, and the necessity of preaching these messages to those who had not yet accepted them. Perhaps, like Paul encouraged, we also can gain knowledge and hope from the Old. For the most part, these quotations were copied closely from the Septuagint and Hebrew versions of the Old Testament with only minor changes. Sometimes, however, larger differences are found. A detailed analysis of these variations is not possible here, but listed below are the basic, noteworthy discrepancies where one text varies from the other two, or in the last case, where all three differ from one another. Overall, Paul seems to rely most heavily on the Septuagint, but occasionally he seems to be giving his own translation of the Hebrew text.

But the OT text is uncertain; others think that Paul may be alluding to Job or Bruce M. Metzger and Michael D. Writings, 3d ed. New York: Oxford University Press, , See also William V. Philip hears the Ethiopian reading alone in his chariot because he was, obviously, reading aloud. Other reading aloud scenes are. The first person from antiquity who is actually reported to have read without sound is St. Gerald F. Hawthorne, Ralph P. Martin, Daniel G. This does not include allusions where a complete list would be very long. The influence of the Old Testament is dominant in his thought and language. Subscribe to Our Newsletter.

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