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Wednesday, September 29, 2021 5:08:04 AM

Anne Frank Mother



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Anne Frank (The Whole Story)

It preserves the hiding place, has a permanent exhibition on the life and times of Anne Frank, and has an exhibition space about all forms of persecution and discrimination. In and , the museum had 1. The house — and the one next door at number , which was later purchased by the museum — was built by Dirk van Delft in It was originally a private residence, then a warehouse, and in the nineteenth century, the front warehouse with its wide stable-like doors was used to house horses. At the start of the 20th century, a manufacturer of household appliances occupied the building, succeeded in by a producer of piano rolls, who vacated the property by On 1 December , Anne's father, Otto Frank , moved the offices of the spice and gelling companies he worked for, Opekta and Pectacon, from an address on Singel canal to Prinsengracht The ground floor consisted of three sections; the front was the goods and dispatch entrance, behind it in the middle section were the spice mills, and at the rear, which was the ground floor of the annex, was the warehouse where the goods were packed for distribution.

Directly above the ground floor were the offices of Frank's employees, with Miep Gies , Bep Voskuijl known in Anne Frank's diary as Elli and Johannes Kleiman occupying the front office while Victor Kugler worked in the middle office. The rear office held a large radio that the people in hiding used until , after which the radio was handed in by the employees when the Nazis began confiscating Dutch radios. The Achterhuis Dutch for "back house" or Secret Annex — as it was called in The Diary of a Young Girl , an English translation of the diary — is the rear extension of the building.

It was concealed from view by houses on all four sides of a quadrangle. Its secluded position made it an ideal hiding place for Otto Frank , his wife Edith , two daughters of whom Anne was the younger , and four other Jews seeking refuge from Nazi persecution. Though the total amount of floor space in the inhabited rooms came to only about square feet 42 m 2 , [8] Anne Frank wrote in her diary that it was relatively luxurious compared to other hiding places they had heard about. They remained hidden here for two years and one month until they were raided by the Nazi authorities, arrested, and deported to their deaths in concentration camps.

Of the hidden group, only Otto Frank survived the concentration death camps. After those in hiding were arrested, the hiding place was cleared by order of the arresting officers and all the remaining contents clothes, furniture, and personal belongings of the Frank family and their friends were seized and distributed to bombed-out families in Germany. Before the building was cleared, Miep Gies and Bep Voskuijl, who had helped hide the families, returned to the hiding place against the orders of the Dutch police and rescued some personal effects. Amongst the items they retrieved were books and papers that would eventually be compiled into The Diary of Anne Frank. After Otto Frank returned to Amsterdam in June , he was given Anne's diaries and papers and subsequently compiled the two versions of his daughter's diaries into a book published in Dutch in under the title Het Achterhuis , which Anne had chosen as the name of a future memoir or novel based on her experiences in hiding.

Achterhuis is a Dutch architectural term referring to a back-house used comparatively with voorhuis meaning front-house. However, when the English translation began production, it was realised that many English-speaking readers might not be familiar with the term and it was decided that a more evocative term the 'Secret Annexe' would better convey the building's hidden position.

Otto Frank's contributions to the diary were such that he is recognized as a co-author. Shortly after the book was published, visitors were shown around by the employees who had hidden the families and could see the secret rooms. However, by , the company had moved to new premises and the entire block to which the building belonged was sold to a single estate agent who served a demolition order with the intention of building a factory on the space. A campaign to save the building and to list it as a protected monument was started by the Dutch paper Het Vrije Volk on 23 November The building was saved by campaigners who staged a protest outside the building on the day of demolition.

The Anne Frank Foundation was established on 3 May in cooperation with Otto Frank, Anne Frank's father, with the primary aim of collecting enough funds to purchase and restore the building. In October of that year, the company who owned it donated the building to the Foundation as a goodwill gesture. The collected funds were then used to purchase the house next door, Number , shortly before the remaining buildings on the block were pulled down as planned. The building was opened as a museum to the public in The former hiding place of Anne Frank attracted a huge amount of interest, especially as translations and dramatisations of the Diary had made her a figure known throughout the world.

On July 5, , Margot received a summons to report to a concentration camp. The Frank family went into hiding the next day, a few weeks earlier than planned. For two years, eight people lived in the Secret Annex, according to Muller. In November , Fritz Pfeffer, a dentist and friend of the Frank family, moved in. Pfeffer is referred to as Albert Dussel in many editions of Anne's diary because she sometimes used pseudonyms. These individuals helped manage the business, which continued running in the front of the building, and brought food, other necessities and news of the outside world to the Jews in hiding.

The manager of the company warehouse, Johann Voskuijl, built a moveable bookcase that concealed the entrance to the Secret Annex. Anne wrote, "Now our Secret Annex has truly become secret. Kugler thought it would be better to have a bookcase built in front of the entrance to our hiding place. It swings out on its hinges and opens like a door. Voskuijl did the carpentry work. Voskuijl has been told that the seven of us are in hiding, and he's been most helpful. In her diary, Anne described the Secret Annex, saying it had several small rooms and narrow halls. Peter had his own small room, and Hermann and Auguste van Pels slept in the communal living room and kitchen area. There was also a bathroom, a small attic and a front office.

The front office and attic had windows that Anne peered from during the evenings. From the attic, she could see a chestnut tree, which inspired her to reflect on nature in her diary. The residents of the Secret Annex did a great deal of reading and studying to pass the time, including learning English and taking correspondence courses under the helpers' names, according to the Anne Frank House. The residents followed a strict schedule that required them to be silent at certain times so the workers in the office wouldn't hear them.

During the day, they flushed the toilet as little as possible, worried that the workers would hear. One of Anne's primary pastimes was writing in her diary. She also composed short stories and a book of her favorite quotes. Anne wanted to be a professional journalist when she grew up. She kept several notebooks when in hiding. While her first and most famous was the red-checked notebook, when that ran out of space, she moved on to others, according to the Anne Frank House.

Anne made detailed entries throughout her time in the Secret Annex. She wrote, "The nicest part is being able to write down all my thoughts and feelings. Otherwise, I'd absolutely suffocate. Many of Anne's entries were addressed to "Kitty. Anne was fond of the character, who was cheerful, funny and shrewd, said Bekker. While Anne did describe life in the Secret Annex, she also wrote extensively about her thoughts, feelings, relationships and personal experiences that had nothing to do with the Holocaust or the Franks' situation.

We know from her diary that Anne sometimes disagreed with Margot, felt her mother didn't understand her and had a crush on Peter. Sharing a room with Fritz Pfeffer, a middle-age man, was awkward for both Anne and Fritz, and Anne sometimes wrote about her struggles. It is in the forefront of her mind, and it makes a statement that no matter what is going on, these are things that are important. On March 28, , the residents of the Secret Annex heard a special news report on the radio.

Dutch Cabinet Minister Gerrit Bolkestein announced that diaries and other documents would be collected when the war ended in order to preserve an account of what happened for future generations. Anne decided that she would submit her diary, and began revising it for future readers, Klebe said. The diary was not completely filled, there still were several empty pages. Anne added some texts at later dates, for instance on 2 May and on 22 January Anne apparently considered the diary to be full and continued to write in notebooks.

She would receive these notebooks from her sister Margot and the helpers. The notebooks have not survived see below. The two notebooks from have: one covers the period from 22 December - 17 April and the other from 18 April - 1 August Anne's last diary letter is dated 1 August , three days before the arrest. Does Anne only write in her diary? No, Anne wrote much more: Tales. Anne wrote 34 tales. About her schooldays, things that happened in the Secret Annex, or fairytales she invented herself.

The Book of Beautiful Sentences. These were not her own texts, but sentences and passages she copied from books she read in the hiding place. Her father inspired her to do so. This is the title of the novel Anne attempted to write. She quit after a few chapters. Het Achterhuis The Secret Annex. This was the title Anne had in mind for a book about her time in the Secret Annex. She used the texts of her diary as a basis.

What inspires Anne to write a book about her time in the Secret Annex? What are the main differences between Anne's diary and The Secret Annex? Writing meant a great deal to Anne. It was her way to vent. Why have Anne's writings from from 6 December - 21 December not survived? How was the diary preserved? After the war, Otto Frank published the diary. Were any changes made to the texts at that time?

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