✍️✍️✍️ Albert Einstein Discoveries

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Albert Einstein Discoveries

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Albert Einstein Biography in English

Millikan about a decade later. Quantum mechanics in turn explained many features of our universe and is used a great deal in modern technological inventions. Einstein proposed major changes to mechanics while handling situations close to the speed of light. It was supported by confirmatory experimental evidence and soon gained widespread acceptance. As of today, special relativity is the most accurate model of motion at any speed. It implied that gravity had the ability to bend light and could be used to calculate the amount of energy released or consumed during nuclear reactions. General relativity helped to model the large-scale structure of the universe and its predictions have been confirmed in all observations and experiments to date.

It has developed into an essential tool in modern astrophysics providing understanding of phenomena like black holes and gravitational lensing. In , Einstein received a paper from Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose on a counting method that assumed that light could be understood as a gas of indistinguishable particles. Einstein submitted the German translation of the paper to a journal. In collaboration with Bose, Einstein extended the idea to atoms and this led to the prediction of the existence of phenomena which became known as Bose—Einstein condensate.

It was not until that the first such condensate was produced experimentally. Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr were involved in a series of public debates about quantum mechanics. These debates are remembered as they are considered important to the philosophy of science. By November , Einstein completed the general theory of relativity. Einstein considered this theory the culmination of his life research. Einstein's assertions were affirmed via observations and measurements by British astronomers Sir Frank Dyson and Sir Arthur Eddington during the solar eclipse, and thus a global science icon was born. This equation suggested that tiny particles of matter could be converted into huge amounts of energy, a discovery that heralded atomic power. Famed quantum theorist Max Planck backed up the assertions of Einstein, who thus became a star of the lecture circuit and academia, taking on various positions before becoming director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics today is known as the Max Planck Institute for Physics from to In , readers were allowed a glimpse into some of the unfiltered private thoughts of Einstein as a young man with the publication of The Travel Diaries of Albert Einstein: The Far East, Palestine, and Spain, The young scientist started a sea journey to Japan in Marseilles, France, in autumn of , accompanied by his second wife Elsa.

The couple returned to Germany via Palestine and Spain in March The Travel Diaries contained unflattering analyses of the people he came across, including the Chinese and Sri Lankans, a surprise coming from a man known for vehemently denouncing racism in his later years. In an entry for November , Einstein refers to residents of Hong Kong as "industrious, filthy, lethargic people Even the children are spiritless and look lethargic. It would be a pity if these Chinese supplant all other races. At the time the Nazis, led by Adolf Hitler , were gaining prominence with violent propaganda and vitriol in an impoverished post- World War I Germany.

The Nazi Party influenced other scientists to label Einstein's work "Jewish physics. Meanwhile, other European scientists also left regions threatened by Germany and immigrated to the U. After moving, Einstein never went back to his native land. It was at Princeton that Einstein would spend the rest of his life working on a unified field theory—an all-embracing paradigm meant to unify the varied laws of physics. Not long after he began his career at Princeton, Einstein expressed an appreciation for American "meritocracy" and the opportunities people had for free thought, a stark contrast to his own experiences coming of age.

In , Einstein was granted permanent residency in his adopted country and became an American citizen five years later. During World War II , he worked on Navy-based weapons systems and made big monetary donations to the military by auctioning off manuscripts worth millions. Roosevelt to alert him of the possibility of a Nazi bomb and to galvanize the United States to create its own nuclear weapons. The U. Einstein was also the recipient of much scrutiny and major distrust from FBI director J. Edgar Hoover. After learning of the bombing of Hiroshima , Japan, Einstein became a major player in efforts to curtail usage of the a-bomb. The following year he and Szilard founded the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists, and in , via an essay for The Atlantic Monthly , Einstein espoused working with the United Nations to maintain nuclear weapons as a deterrent to conflict.

Du Bois as well as performing artist Paul Robeson and campaigned for civil rights, calling racism a "disease" in a Lincoln University speech. After World War II, Einstein continued to work on his unified field theory and key aspects of his general theory of relativity, including time travel, wormholes, black holes, and the origins of the universe. However, he felt isolated in his endeavors since the majority of his colleagues had begun focusing their attention on quantum theory. In the last decade of his life, Einstein, who had always seen himself as a loner, withdrew even further from any sort of spotlight, preferring to stay close to Princeton and immerse himself in processing ideas with colleagues.

The previous day, while working on a speech to honor Israel's seventh anniversary, Einstein suffered an abdominal aortic aneurysm. He was taken to the hospital for treatment but refused surgery, believing that he had lived his life and was content to accept his fate. I have done my share, it is time to go. I will do it elegantly. However, during his life, Einstein participated in brain studies, and at least one biography claimed he hoped researchers would study his brain after he died.

Einstein's brain is now located at the Princeton University Medical Center. In keeping with his wishes, the rest of his body was cremated and the ashes scattered in a secret location. According to The New York Times , the researchers believe it may help explain why Einstein was so intelligent. In , a team of scientists confirmed one aspect of Einstein's general theory of relativity, that the light from a star passing close to a black hole would be stretched to longer wavelengths by the overwhelming gravitational field.

Tracking star S2, their measurements indicated that the star's orbital velocity increased to over 25 million kph as it neared the supermassive black hole at the center of the galaxy, its appearance shifting from blue to red as its wavelengths stretched to escape the pull of gravity. We strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Elsa Einstein was physicist Albert Einstein's second wife, supporting his work, nursing him back to health, and moving with him from Germany to the United States in Albert DeSalvo is best known for confessing to be the "Boston Strangler," who killed 13 women in Boston in the early s.

Prince Albert married his first cousin, Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, at the age of 20, and after his untimely death at age 42, the queen's memory of him guided her for the next 40 years. Physicist Enrico Fermi built the prototype of a nuclear reactor and worked on the Manhattan Project to develop the first atomic bomb. Robert Oppenheimer is often called the "father of the atomic bomb" for leading the Manhattan Project, the program that developed the first nuclear weapon during World War II.

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